To ascertain that benefiting from a balanced and qualified diet is very important for ensuring human health and achieving the goals of the food security program, the present study was conducted by Tarbiat Modares University (Tehran, Iran) to investigate the food security situation of households in Alborz Province.
Subject and methods
The descriptive-correlational research involved was carried out using a scaling method. The statistical population of the study included all of the households in Alborz Province (N = 719,464), of which 354 were selected by a stratified random sampling method, with proportional assignment. The main research tool was a questionnaire whose validity was reviewed and modified by a panel of agricultural extension and education specialists from Tarbiat Modares and Tehran Universities. To determine the reliability of the research tool, 30 questionnaires were distributed among the statistical population and a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient equal to 0.7 was obtained.
The results showed that there was a significant difference between the Alborz Province households, benefit at the 0.01 level of significance, and that most of the households in Savojbolagh City were completely food secure in contrast to Nazarabad, Karaj, and Taleghan cities.
Due to the low benefit of the households of Nazarabad, Karaj, and Taleghan, it is suggested that the government should solve the problem of physical access to food supplies for these households by creating different markets in the low-income areas of these cities.