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Table 1 Social demographic, mental health variables, media consumption by GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores

From: Media consumption and mental health during COVID-19 lockdown: a UK cross-sectional study across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland

  N (%) GAD-7 mean scores (SD) PHQ-9 mean scores (SD)
Overall 1989 (100) 7.27 (6.01) 7.84 (6.48)
Age
    18–24 331 (16.6) 8.41 (6.49) 10.01 (7.03)
    25–34 659 (33.1) 8.00 (6.05) 8.47 (6.45)
    35–44 476 (23.9) 7.33 (5.81) 7.64 (6.45)
    45–54 291 (14.6) 6.40 (5.65) 6.7 (5.92)
    55+ 232 (11.7) 4.48 (5.05) 4.69 (5.28)
Gender
    Female 1392 (70) 7.98 (6.07) 8.24 (6.43)
    Male 582 (29.3) 5.46 (5.45) 6.70 (6.33)
Country
    Northern Ireland 470 (23.6) 7.73 (5.88) 7.65 (6.05)
    England 747 (37.6) 7.02 (5.89) 8.01 (6.58)
    Scotland 726 (36.5) 7.29 (6.22) 7.84 (6.66)
    Wales 46 (2.3) 6.46 (6.15) 6.96 (6.23)
Keyworker
    Yes 743 (37.4) 7.33 (5.97) 7.64 (6.18)
    No 1243 (62.6) 7.23 (6.05) 7.97 (6.65)
Living alone
    Yes 399 (20.1) 7.05 (5.97) 8.39 (6.81)
    No 1585 (79.9) 7.32 (6.03) 7.70 (6.40)
Meets clinical threshold for GAD
    Yes 596 (30.3) 15.09 (3.68) 14.61 (5.81)
    No 1374 (69.7) 3.88 (2.84) 4.90 (4.12)
Meets clinical threshold for MDD
    Yes 668 (34.0) 13.10 (5.23) 15.45 (4.50)
    No 1287 (66.0) 4.28 (3.78) 3.91 (2.81)
Media consumption Traditional media (e.g. newspapers, TV, radio)
    Low 1522 (77.0) 6.91 (5.90) 7.45 (6.32)
    Moderate 376 (19.0) 8.14 (6.04) 8.80 (6.66)
    High 78 (3.9) 10.08 (7.08) 10.86 (7.37)
Social media (e.g. Facebook, twitter, Instagram)
    Low 1143 (57.8) 6.15 (5.56) 6.78 (6.10)
    Moderate 611 (30.9) 8.40 (6.11) 8.84 (6.56)
    High 222 (11.2) 9.98 (6.57) 10.56 (6.97)