Skip to main content
Log in

Primary social factors and smoking in Korean adolescents

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Journal of Public Health Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Aim

The present study aimed to examine the effects of primary social factors on the smoking behaviors according to the smoking stages—initiation and continuation—among Korean adolescents.

Subject and methods

We used the clustered logistic regression method to examine whether the primary social factors significantly influence smoking behaviors among Korean adolescents at two different stages with a cross-sectional study for 9 years.

Results

We found that primary social factors significantly influenced adolescent smoking in both stages, and peer effects for adolescent smoking were much clearer in the smoking continuation stage. In addition, adolescents initiating smoking early tend to continue their smoking with high probability.

Conclusion

The impacts of primary social factors are robust on adolescent smoking, particularly in the smoking continuation stage.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Agresti A (2007) An introduction to categorical data analysis, 2nd edn. Wiley, Hoboken

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Aker RL (1988) Social learning and social structure: a general theory of crime and deviance. Northeastern University Press, Boston

    Google Scholar 

  • Alexander C, Piazza M, Mekos D et al (2001) Peers, schools, and adolescent cigarette smoking. J Adolescent Health 29:22–30

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Armitage P (1955) Tests for linear trends in proportions and frequencies. Biometrics 11:375–386

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Asparouhov T (2006) General multi-level modeling with sampling weights. Comm Stat Theory Methods 35:439–460

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Avenevoli S, Merikangas K (2003) Familial influences on adolescent smoking. Addiction 98:1–20

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bandura A (1977) Social learning theory. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs

    Google Scholar 

  • Bauman K, Carver K, Gleiter K (2001) Trends in parents and friend influence during adolescent: the case of adolescent cigarette smoking. Addict Behav 26:349–361

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (1994) Preventing tobacco use among young people: a report of the surgeon general. Atlanta, GA

  • Chassin L, Presson C, Sherman S (1995) Social psychological antecedents and consequences of adolescent tobacco use. In: Wallander J, Siegel L (eds) Adolescent health problems: behavioral perspectives advances in pediatric psychology. Guilford, New York, pp 141–159

    Google Scholar 

  • Cochran W (1954) Some methods of strengthening the common χ2 test. Biometrics 10:417–451

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cussen A, McCool J (2011) Tobacco promotion in the Pacific: the current state of tobacco promotion bans and options for accelerating progress. Asia Pac J Public Health 23:70–78

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Dick B, Ferguson BJ (2015) Health for the world’s adolescents: a second chance in the second decade. J Adolesc Health 56:3–6

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Duncan T, Tildesley E, Duncan S, Hops H (1995) The consistency of family and peer influences on the development of substance use in adolescence. Addiction 90:1647–1660

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Eiser J, van der Pligt J (1984) Attitudinal and social factors in adolescent smoking: in search of peer group influence. J Appl Soc Psychol 14:348–363

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Eiser J, Morgan M, Gammage P, Brooks N, Kirby R (1991) Adolescent health behavior and similarity-attraction: friends share smoking habits (really), but much else besides. British J Soc Psychol 30:339–348

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A et al (2002) Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet 360:1347–1360

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Freund K, D’Agostino R, Belanger A, Kannel W, Stokes J 3rd (1992) Predictors of smoking cessation: the Framingham study. Am J Epidemiol 135:957–964

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Garrow J, Webster J (1985) Quetelet’s index (W/H2) as a measure of fatness. Int J Obes 9:147–153

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Godtfredsen N, Prescott E, Osler M, Vestbo J (2001) Predictors of smoking reduction and cessation in a cohort of Danish moderate and heavy smokers. Prev Med 33:46–52

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Johnston L, O’Malley P, Bachman J (1995) National survey results on drug use from the monitoring the future study, 1975–1994. National Institute of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Rockville, MD (Pub. No. 95-4026)

  • Jung M, Chung D (2012) Evidence of social contextual effects on adolescent smoking in South Korea. Asia Pac J Public Health 25:260–270

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kessler D, Witt A, Barnette P et al (1996) The food and drug administration’s regulation of tobacco products. N Engl J Med 335:988–994

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kim Y, Choi S, Chun C et al (2016) Data resource profile: the Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey (KYRBS). Int J Epidemiol 45:1076–1076e

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kobus K (2003) Peers and adolescent smoking. Addiction 98:37–55

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Oetting ER, Beauvais F (1986) Peer cluster theory: drugs and the adolescent. J Counsel Dev 65:17–30

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pettitt A (1979) A non-parametric approach to the change-point problem. J Royal Stat Soc C 28:126–135

    Google Scholar 

  • Sawyer S (2018) The age of adolescence. Lancet Child Adolescent Health 2:223–228

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) (1998) Tobacco use among high school students-United States, 1997. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 47:229–233

    Google Scholar 

  • Urberg K, Shyu S, Liang J (1990) Peer influence in adolescent cigarette smoking. Addict Behav 15:247–255

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amy M. Kwon.

Ethics declarations

The study subjects in the present study were a part of KNHANES, which is an ongoing nationwide epidemiology study conducted by the division of Chronic Disease Control and Prevention, Ministry of Health and Welfare. All participants signed written informed consent forms, and the study was approved by institutional review board.

Conflict of interest

All authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Financial supports

No specific funding has been provided.

Authorship statement

All authors listed meet the authorship criteria according to the lastest guidelines of the international Committee of Medical Journal Editors and all authors are in agreement with the manuscript.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lee, E., Kwon, A.M. Primary social factors and smoking in Korean adolescents. J Public Health (Berl.) 30, 1251–1256 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-020-01400-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-020-01400-1

Keywords

Navigation