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Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia

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A Correction to this article was published on 24 August 2019

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Background and objectives

Musculoskeletal pain is considered to be one of the most prevalent occupational health problems in the working environment. School teachers are at significant risk of developing this pain. The objective of this study is to assess musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia.


A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 254 secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia. A structured, self-administered questionnaire was utilized in the present study to collect the required data. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS program, version 21.


The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia was 68.50%. The main sites of musculoskeletal pain were low back (68.4%), knee (58.6%), shoulder (47.7%), neck (45.4%), elbow (23.6%), and wrist (14.4%). Nearly 70% of the teachers had musculoskeletal pain in various sites. Days of absenteeism per month because of musculoskeletal pain were one to five days among 89.7% of the teachers. Regarding the severity of musculoskeletal pain, 64.4% had non-disabling pain and 35.6% had disabling pain. Factors that showed a significant relationship with disabling musculoskeletal pain were age (p = 0.013), marital status (p = 0.043), practicing exercise (p = 0.008), years of teaching (p = 0.020), daily hours of working (p = 0.039), number of classes per week (p = 0.013), and comfortableness of school furniture (p = 0.009). Logistic regression analysis showed that the significant predictors of disabling musculoskeletal pain were age more than 40 years [odds ratio (OR): 2.08; confidence interval (CI): 1.16–3.71], not practicing exercise (OR: 3.19; CI: 1.29–7.88), more than ten years of teaching (OR: 2.07; CI: 1.12–3.84), and non-comfortableness of school furniture (OR: 2.16; CI: 1.21–3.88).


Secondary school female teachers showed a high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in most anatomic sites, such as low back, knee, shoulder, neck, elbow, and wrist. Significant predictors of disabling musculoskeletal pain were age more than 40 years, not practicing exercise, more than ten years of teaching, and non-comfortableness of school furniture.

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The authors would like to express their extreme thanks to all the school teachers and principals of the selected schools for facilitating conduction of the present study.


The present study did not receive any financial budgets from national or international organizations.

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Authors and Affiliations



AS, NF, and FS suggested the research topic. Data collection and entry was done by AS, RA, NF, FS, SM, and FF. DM performed the statistical analysis and data interpretation. DM and AS wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final draft of the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Doaa M. Abdel-Salam.

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Ethical approval and consent to participate

Reviewing the proposal was executed by a Local Committee of Bioethics at Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected after ethical clearance. Administrative approvals were completed from the Ministry of Education and school management. The female teachers were invited to participate in the study after describing the objectives of the study and emphasizing the confidentiality of the collected data through anonymous, self-administered questionnaires. Informed written consent was obtained from participants who agreed to share in the study.

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Consent to publish was acquired from the target population.

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The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

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The original version of this article was revised due to Open Access cancellation.

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Abdel-Salam, D.M., Almuhaisen, A.S., Alsubiti, R.A. et al. Musculoskeletal pain and its correlates among secondary school female teachers in Aljouf region, Saudi Arabia. J Public Health (Berl.) 29, 303–310 (2021).

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