Advertisement

Journal of Public Health

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 219–224 | Cite as

Impact of educational intervention on osteoporosis knowledge among university students in Beni-Suef, Egypt

  • Shaimaa A. SenosyEmail author
  • Heba R. Elareed
Original Article
  • 143 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Osteoporosis is a geriatric disease that has an adolescent onset. It is mandatory to improve osteoporosis awareness, in older populations, as well as in the younger population.

Aim

The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of an interventional education program on osteoporosis knowledge among university students, to evaluate the level of osteoporosis knowledge, to identify their sources of knowledge and to evaluate the impact of some variables on their level of knowledge.

Subjects and methods

A cross-sectional interventional study design including 393 students from five randomly selected colleges of Beni-Suef University was conducted between September 2016 and January 2017 using a self-administered questionnaire and the Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool (OKAT). Students were targeted in an educational intervention program. Immediate and 3 months’ post-intervention assessments were done to ascertain any changes in knowledge.

Results

Of the 393 students, the mean total score of the OKAT was 11 ± 3.21 before intervention. The internet was the main source of information regarding osteoporosis among students. After interventional health education, the level of osteoporosis knowledge of students was significantly improved.

Conclusion

Implementation of an educational health program improves the knowledge of university students concerning osteoporosis. Thus, the findings of the present study may be used to convince the educational authorities to provide health education programs about osteoporosis and its related factors in universities or even include them in the university curriculum to improve knowledge of this disease among students and ensure the accuracy of information they receive.

Keywords

Osteoporosis Knowledge Osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool University students 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosure

The authors state that they have no conflict of interests and that their work was not supported or funded.

References

  1. Al Seraty WH, Ali WG (2014) The impacts of a health-belief model based intervention for osteoporosis prevention among female students in Al Dawadmi Applied Medical Science, Shaqraa University, Saudi Arabia. J Biol Agric Healthcare 4:7Google Scholar
  2. Barzanji AT, Alamri FA, Mohamed AG (2013) Osteoporosis: A study of knowledge, attitude and practice among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Community Health 38:1098–1105CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Edmonds E, Turner LW, Usdan SL (2012) Osteoporosis knowledge, beliefs, and calcium intake of college students: Utilization of the health belief model. Open J of Preventive Med 2(1):27–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. El-Sayed MA, Abdel Megeid FY (2013) Osteoporosis-related life habits, knowledge and attitude among a group of female employees in King Saud University. World Appl Sci 22:919–925Google Scholar
  5. El-Tawab SS, Elweshahi HM, Saba EK, Ashry MH (2016) Knowledge of osteoporosis among women in Alexandria (Egypt): A community based survey. The Egyptian Rheumatologist:225–231.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejr.2015.08.001
  6. Francis KL, Matthews BL, Van MW, Bennell KL, Osborne RH (2009) Effectiveness of a community-based osteoporosis education and self-management course: a wait list controlled trial. Osteoporis Int 20(9):1563–1570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Geller SE, Derman R (2001) Knowledge, beliefs, and risk factors for osteoporosis among African-American and Hispanic women. J Natl Med Assoc 93(1):13–21PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Gemalmaz A, Oge A (2008) Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among rural Turkish women. Clin Rheumatol 27:723–728CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Horowitz M, Eastell R, Insogna K (eds) (2010) Essentials of the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Current Medicine Group (Springer Healthcare), LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Khan YH, Sarriff A, Khan AH, Mallhi TH (2014) Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) Survey of osteoporosis among students of a tertiary institution in Malaysia. Trop J Pharm Res January 13(1):155–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Miura S, Yagi M, Saavedra OL, Yamamoto S (2010) Sociodemographic variation in knowledge of osteoporosis and locally available calcium-rich foods among urban women living in Davao, Philippines. Health Care Women Inter 31(5):378–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pande K, Pande S, Tripathi S, Kanoi R, Thakur A, Patle S (2005) Poor knowledge about osteoporosis in learned Indian women. J Assoc Physicians India 53:433–436PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Reginster JY, Burlet N (2006) Osteoporosis: a still increasing prevalence. Bone 38(2 Suppl. 1):S4–S9CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Saw SM, Hong CY, Lee J, Wong ML, Chan MF, Cheng A, Leong KH (2003) Awareness and health beliefs of women towards osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int 14:595–601CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Sayed-Hassan RM, Bashour HN (2013) The reliability of the Arabic version of the osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT) and the osteoporosis health belief scale (OHBS). BMC Research Notes 6(138):1–7Google Scholar
  16. Sharma M, Romas JA (2011) Theoretical foundations of health education and health promotion, 2nd edn. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Massachusetts, United StatesGoogle Scholar
  17. Sul H (2014) Health education theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies. Health Promot Pract 15(5):619–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Taha M (2011) Prevalence of osteoporosis in Middle East systemic literature review. In: Proceedings of the 10th ECOO: 2011 April 14–16. Cairo, Egypt. Available online at URL: https://www.scribd.com/doc/53103901/osteopoorosis-Cairo-April-2011-v1 [accessed January 2016]
  19. Ul Haq N, Tahir M, Naseem A, Razzaque G (2016) Effect of educational intervention on osteoporosis knowledge among university female students in Quetta, Pakistan. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Community Medicine 2(2):40–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wahba SA, Abd El-Shaheed A, Tawheed MS, Mekkawy AA, Arrafa AM (2010) Osteoporosis knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors among Egyptian female students. J the Arab Society for Med Res 5(2):173–180Google Scholar
  21. Watts NB, Bilezikian JP, Camacho PM, Greenspan SL, Harris ST, Hodgson SF, Kleerekoper M, Luckey MM, McClung MR, Pollack RP, Petak SM (2010) American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice for the diagnosis and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr Pract 16(Suppl. 3):1–37CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Winzenberg TM, Oldenburg B, Frendin S, Jones G (2003) The design of a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure osteoporosis knowledge in women: the osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT). BMC Musculoskelet Disord 4:17CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Wright NC, Looker AC, Saag KG, Curtis JR, Delzell ES, Randall S, Dawson-Hughes B (2014) The recent prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass in the United States based on bone mineral density at the femoral neck or lumbar spine. J Bone Miner Res 29(11):2520–2526CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017
corrected publication January/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of MedicineBeni-Suef UniversityBeni-SuefEgypt

Personalised recommendations