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Prevalence and risk factors for developing traumatic childbirth in Iran



Traumatic childbirth is among the important factors that make childbirth an unpleasant experience and has psychological negative effects on women. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with traumatic childbirth.

Subject and methods

In this cross-sectional study, 400 women were interviewed in the first 48 h after childbirth in Torbate-heydariyeh (eastern Iran) in 2015. Traumatic childbirth was determined based on DSM-V-A criteria. Statistical analysis of the data was done through chi-square and logistic regression.


The prevalence of traumatic childbirth was 48.3% (N = 193). Logistic regression showed variables such as place of residence, type of delivery, pregnancy complications, bleeding during pregnancy, rupture of grade 3 or 4 during delivery, and emergency cesarean section were significantly correlated with traumatic childbirth (p <0.001).


Considering the high prevalence of traumatic childbirth, it is recommended that its associated risk factors be identified so that negative psychological consequences for the mother can be prevented.

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This article is a portion of a master’s thesis in obstetrics which was conducted and sponsored by the Shahroud University of Medical Sciences. The researchers express their thanks to the Deputy of Research in Shahroud University of Medical Sciences and to the staff of the Postpartum Ward of Nohom Dey Hospital in Torbat Heydarieh. Special thank also goes to and all the mothers who participated in this project.

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Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ahmad Khosravi.

Ethics declarations


The current study has been funded by Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, approved and registered in the Research Ethics Committee at Shahroud University of Medical Sciences (with the registration number IR-SHMU.REC.1394.42).

Conflict of interest

Standards Authors Sedigheh Abdollahpour, Seyed Abbas Mousavi, Zahra Motaghi, Afsaneh Keramat, Ahmad Khosravi declare that they have no conflicts of interests to disclose.

Ethical approval

The authors have adhered to the appropriate ethical standards, all procedures performed in the study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of the Shahroud University of Medical Sciences (IR-SHMU.REC.1394.42).

Informed consent

A written Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Abdollahpour, S., Mousavi, S.A., Motaghi, Z. et al. Prevalence and risk factors for developing traumatic childbirth in Iran. J Public Health 25, 275–280 (2017).

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  • Traumatic childbirth
  • Childbirth
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder