Predictive value of preoperative optical coherence tomography for visual outcome following macular hole surgery: effects of imaging alignment
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To investigate the effects of reproducibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements and imaging alignment on predictive performance for visual outcome following macular hole (MH) surgery.
We retrospectively reviewed 50 eyes that underwent MH surgery. Preoperative cross-sectional images through the center of the MH (on-center image) and through an off-center point (off-center image) were obtained from the OCT data. In each image, the following OCT parameters were either measured or calculated: minimum diameter, base diameter, hole height, temporal and nasal arm length, photoreceptor inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) defect length, the hole form factor, the macular hole index and the tractional hole index. The IS/OS defect area was also measured.
The reproducibility of OCT parameter values was moderate to high, and there was a significant difference in the mean measurement values between the on- and off-center images. Predictive values varied between sessions and raters, and only the preoperative photoreceptor IS/OS defect length consistently showed significant correlation with postoperative visual outcome.
Both the reproducibility and imaging alignment might affect the predictive performance of the OCT parameter for postoperative visual outcome following MH surgery. The preoperative photoreceptor IS/OS defect length seems to be the most useful parameter in this regard.
KeywordsMacular hole Optical coherence tomography Visual acuity Reproducibility Imaging alignment
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