Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift

, Volume 159, Issue 11–12, pp 301–305 | Cite as

From childhood to golden age: increased mobility – increased risk of contracting tick-borne encephalitis?

Congress report

Summary

For the 11th time, the International Scientific Working Group on Tick-Borne Encephalitis (ISW-TBE) held its annual meeting in January 2009 to review the latest issues in the field of TBE. The cause of preventing TBE has recently also been taken up by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), as the TBE virus is endemic in regions of 27 European countries. Between 1974 and 2003, morbidity increased by 400%. From 2004 to 2006, another considerable increase was seen in some countries, notably the Czech Republic, Germany, Poland, Slovenia, and Switzerland. Between 1990 and 2007, 157,584 cases of TBE were documented in 19 countries providing reliable data, resulting in a mean of 8755 cases per year (Europe excluding Russia 50,486 cases, with a mean of 2805 cases annually). In view of the variability of the pattern of epidemiological change throughout Europe, a single cause for the increase in TBE, such as temperature increase, appears unlikely. Human behaviour, driven by a wide variety of factors, seems to be crucially important.

Keywords

Tick-borne encephalitis TBE Epidemiology Morbidity Vaccinationr 

Von der Kindheit bis ins hohe Alter: gesteigerte Mobilität – erhöhtes Risiko für eine FSME-Infektion?

Zusammenfassung

Anlässlich der Jahrestagung 2009 der International Scientific Working Group on Tick-Borne Encephalitis (ISW-TBE) diskutierten Experten aus 26 Ländern zum elften Mal die neuesten Erkenntnisse rund um die Frühsommer-Meningoenzephalitis (FSME). Die Prävention der FSME wurde vor kurzem auch vom European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in dessen Agenden aufgenommen, da das Virus mittlerweile in Regionen von 27 europäischen Ländern endemisch vorkommt. Zwischen 1974 und 2003 stieg die Morbidität um 400 %, von 2004 bis 2006 wurde in einigen Ländern ein weiterer bedeutender Anstieg registriert, besonders in Tschechien, Deutschland, Polen, Slowenien und der Schweiz. Zwischen 1990 und 2007 wurden 157.584 FSME-Fälle in19 Ländern dokumentiert, das sind durchschnittlich 8.755 Fälle pro Jahr (ohne Russland 50.486 Fälle, durchschnittlich 2.805 pro Jahr). Ein alleiniger Grund für diese epidemiologische Entwicklung, wie etwa der Klimawandel, erscheint unwahrscheinlich. Auch das menschliche Verhalten, geprägt von verschiedenen Faktoren, scheint eine wichtige Rolle zu spielen.

Schlüsselwörter

Frühsommer-Meningoenzephalitis FSME Epidemiologie Morbidität Impfung 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social Medicine, Center for Public HealthMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria

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