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Author self-citation policies, the influence on journals’ impact factors, and self-citation rate in general surgery

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Author self-citation


Impact factor


Journal self-citation


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Author information




MA, FS, AZ, and AC had the idea to investigate self-citations; FS, ST, VLR, and AM downloaded the data; MA and AC performed cross-checks; MA, FS, AM, VLR, and AC analyzed the journal self-citation rate for each journal; FS, AZ, AM, and ST conducted the statistical analysis comparing journals according to policies, and the following according to their multidisciplinary, broad, or narrow interest in the discipline; MA, FS, AZ, and AC interpreted the data; MA and FS wrote the initial draft; ST, VLR, AM, AZ, AC critically revised the draft; all authors agreed on the final version of the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Filippo Sanfilippo.

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Conflict of interest

F. Sanfilippo, M. Astuto, S. Tigano, V. La Rosa, A. Morgana, A. Zanghì, and A. Cappellani declare that they have no competing interests.

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Sanfilippo, F., Astuto, M., Tigano, S. et al. Author self-citation policies, the influence on journals’ impact factors, and self-citation rate in general surgery. Eur Surg (2021).

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