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Growth in Epithelial Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis Correlates Specifically to the Inflammation Activity of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Ulcerative Colitis Shows Specific p53- and EGFR Expression Alterations

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Diseases of the Colon & Rectum

PURPOSE

Epithelial cell turnover related differences between ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s colitis, and aspecific colitis are not known yet.

METHODS

Totally 345 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens from 33 ulcerative colitis, 26 Crohn’s colitis, 30 aspecific colitis, and 10 healthy patients were observed with the TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling method and proliferating cell nuclear antigen-, p53-, and epithelial growth factor receptor immunohistochemistry. Because of epithelial growth factor receptor positivity of subepithelial cells epithelial growth factor receptor and CD45, CD68, or CD83 double fluorescence immunohistochemistry were performed on 16 freshly frozen samples from 8 severely active ulcerative colitis and 8 severely active Crohn’s colitis patients to describe lamina propria’s mononuclear cells, respectively.

RESULTS

The epithelial growth factor receptor expression was significantly lower in each inflammatory group compared with normal (P < 0.005) and decreased significantly in mild ulcerative colitis compared with mild Crohn’s colitis or aspecific colitis (P < 0.005). Numerous epithelial growth factor receptor and CD45 double-positive submucosal mononuclear cells were observed in moderate-severe inflammations. The p53-expression was significantly higher in each inflammatory group compared with normal (P < 0.05). Significant differences were found between mildly, moderately, and severely inflamed samples in ulcerative colitis (P < 0.05) compared with Crohn’s colitis or aspecific colitis. Apoptotic/proliferative rates increased significantly in line with the inflammatory process (P < 0.0001/0.05), but the TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling and proliferating cell nuclear antigen-labeling characteristics did not show disease type specificity.

CONCLUSIONS

Based on our results, the alterations of epithelial growth factor receptor and p53 expression show ulcerative colitis specificity, whereas the rate of epithelial apoptosis and proliferation are determined by the histologic activity of the inflammation. The increased epithelial growth factor receptor expression by the lamina propria’s mononuclear cells in inflammation may suggest its role as an autoantigen.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors thank Gabriella Kónya (Cell Analysis Laboratory, 2nd Department of Medicine, Semmelweiss University, Budapest, Hungary) for her help in performing this study, and István Kemény and Stuart Durrant for assistance.

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Sipos, F., Molnár, B., Zágoni, T. et al. Growth in Epithelial Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis Correlates Specifically to the Inflammation Activity of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Ulcerative Colitis Shows Specific p53- and EGFR Expression Alterations. Dis Colon Rectum 48, 775–786 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0831-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0831-5

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