, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 615–633 | Cite as

Stable carbon isotope development and sea-level changes during the Late Ludlow (Silurian) of the Łysogóry region (Rzepin section, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland)

  • Wojciech KozłowskiEmail author
  • Axel Munnecke
Original Article


The Ludlow deposits of the Winnica Formation in the Rzepin section (Holy Cross Mountains, Poland) have been studied with respect to their facies evolution and stable carbon isotope ratios from whole-rock samples. The C-isotope curve of the Rzepin section records a distinct positive excursion with maximal values of +8.9‰. A Late Ludlow positive isotope excursion is known from different paleocontinents and thus is regarded as a global isotope event. The presence of the event allows for a chemostratigraphic correlation of the Rzepin profile with the classical, biostratigraphically well-dated Gotland section. The Ludlow deposits of the Holy Cross Mountains are interpreted in terms of sea-level changes during the isotope excursion. Because the Rzepin and Gotland sections are positioned on the opposite sides of the same foreland basin, a comparison of their sequence stratigraphy allows to test the regularities of the sea-level changes on the shelf of Baltica. In the present paper, a modified view of the recently published sequence stratigraphy of the Gotland succession is presented. Our results indicate that the positive Ludlow δ13C excursion is connected with prolonged low-stand conditions with small, internal transgressive pulses.


Sea-level changes C-isotope excursion Ludlow Upper Silurian Holy Cross Mountains Gotland Poland 



The authors are very grateful to Mikael Calner (Lund, Sweden) and Dimitri Kaljo (Tallinn, Estonia) for their constructive reviews and to André Freiwald for the editorial handling. This study was supported by the IGP-BST/2008 fund to W. K. as well as by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG Mu 2352/1) to A. M. The microscopic photographs were taken in the Microanalysis Laboratory of the Faculty of Geology, Warsaw University. This paper is a contribution to the IGCP 503.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeologyUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  2. 2.GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe PaläoumweltUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany

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