Landslides

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 189–203 | Cite as

Dendrogeomorphic reconstruction of past landslide reactivation with seasonal precision: the Bois Noir landslide, southeast French Alps

  • Jérôme Lopez Saez
  • Christophe Corona
  • Markus Stoffel
  • Laurent Astrade
  • Frédéric Berger
  • Jean-Philippe Malet
Original Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to reconstruct spatiotemporal patterns of past landslide reactivation in a forested area of the Barcelonnette Basin (Bois Noir landslide, Southern French Alps). Analysis of past events was based on tree ring series from 79 heavily affected Mountain pine (Pinus uncinata Mill. ex Mirb) trees growing near or next to the landslide body. Dendrogeomorphic analysis focused on the presence of compression wood and growth reductions, with the first reaction being used for a dating of past reactivations with seasonal precision. A total of 151 growth disturbances were identified in the samples representing eight different stages of reactivation of the landslide body between 1874 and 2008. The spatiotemporal accuracy of the reconstruction is confirmed by historical records from neighboring sites and by aerial photographs. The onset of compression wood formation allows identifying five stages of landslide reactivation during the dormant season or the very beginning of the growing season of trees, i.e., between early October and late May, and three stages toward the end of the growth period. Monthly rainfall data from the HISTALP database demonstrate that the rainfall during four out of the eight reactivations are characterized by summer rainfall totals (July–August) exceeding 200 mm, pointing to the important role of summer rainstorms in the triggering of events at the Bois Noir landslide body.

Keywords

Dendrogeomorpholoy Landslides Growth disturbances Seasonal precision French Alps 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research has been supported by the DENDROGLISS program, funded by the MAIF foundation and the Cemagref by the PARAMOUNT program, ‘ImProved Accessibility, Reliability and security of Alpine transport infrastructure related to MOUNTainous hazards in a changing climate’, funded by the Alpine Space Programme, European Territorial Cooperation, 2007–2013. It has also been supported by the EU-FP7 project ACQWA (project no. GOCE-20290). The authors would like to acknowledge J. Corominas and two journal reviewers whose insightful comments helped them improve an earlier version of the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérôme Lopez Saez
    • 1
  • Christophe Corona
    • 1
  • Markus Stoffel
    • 2
    • 3
  • Laurent Astrade
    • 4
  • Frédéric Berger
    • 1
  • Jean-Philippe Malet
    • 5
  1. 1.Cemagref UR EMGRSaint-Martin d’ Hères CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratory of Dendrogeomorphology (dendrolab.ch), Institute of Geological SciencesUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Climatic Change and Climate Impacts, Institute for Environmental SciencesUniversity of GenevaCarouge-GenevaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Laboratoire EDYTEM, Bâtiment Belledonne, Campus de TechnolacUniversité de Savoie–CISMFranceFrance
  5. 5.Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7516Université de Strasbourg/EOSTStrasbourg CedexFrance

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