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Rainfall-induced landslide event of May 2010 in the eastern part of the Czech Republic

Abstract

More than 150 landslides originated in the eastern part of the Czech Republic (region of the Flysch Outer Western Carpathians—hereinafter, OWC) due to soil saturation caused by antecedent precipitation and long lasting and intensive rainfalls on 16–18 May 2010 (>300 mm as measured by some stations). As a consequence, a multitude of small failures originated 88% of which was smaller than 104 m2. Most landslides are characterised as shallow (<10 m) or middle–deep (10–30 m) incipient (rather short travel) landslides, debris slides and soil slips spatially clustered to a geological domain underlain by rather weak thin-bedded flysch and unconsolidated Quaternary deposits. An exception to this is represented by a kilometre-long rockslide (∼2–3 mil m3) affecting tectonically weakened and weathered claystone/mudstone-dominated flysch on the southern slope of Mt. Girová (the Beskydy Mountains). The rockslide is one of the largest long runout landslides in the territory of the Czech Republic activated over the past few decades as it reaches the dimensions of the largest documented Holocene long runout landslides in the Czech part of the OWC. A majority of the May 2010 landslide events developed inside older (Holocene or historic) landslide terrains, which points to their spatial persistency and recurrent nature. In spite of the fact that the May 2010 landslide event was not as destructive as some previous landslide activisation in the OWC region (e.g. July 1997 event), it left many slope failures at the initial stage of their potential future reactivation.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a project of the Czech Science Foundation no. P209/10/0309: “The effect of historical climatic and hydrometeorological extremes on slope and fluvial processes in the Western Beskydy Mountains and their forefield”. Thanks are also extended to Monika Hradecká for English language corrections. We gratefully acknowledge both anonymous reviewers for valuable comments that significantly improved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Tomáš Pánek.

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Pánek, T., Brázdil, R., Klimeš, J. et al. Rainfall-induced landslide event of May 2010 in the eastern part of the Czech Republic. Landslides 8, 507–516 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-011-0268-6

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Keywords

  • Extreme precipitation
  • Rockslide
  • Recurrent landslides
  • Flysch Carpathians
  • Czech Republic