Advertisement

Landslides

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 289–294 | Cite as

The impact of land degradation on landscape in Northern Greece

  • B. Anthopoulou
  • A. Panagopoulos
  • Th. KaryotisEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Large areas of Greece are seriously degraded and landscape deterioration is mainly influenced by climatic factors, geological factors, overgrazing, forest fires and urbanisation. The examined area of Saint Panteleimon is located in northern Greece on the foot-slope of Mt. Olympus and exhibits aesthetic beauty of significant value owed to specific ecological, historical and cultural conditions. Due to intensive erosion and other geological factors, the old village, which is characterised by unique architecture, was abandoned. In the study area is located the castle of Platamon, which is dated to 1222 a.d. Overgrazing, which was very common a few decades ago, has enhanced erosion and affected the surrounding landscape. Another case of degradation concerns forestland, where erosion and landslides have influenced the loss of surface soil layers resulting in vegetation decline. The erosion impact increased due to urbanisation and recreational activities. Management of degradation at a local scale is very complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Recent works for soil stabilisation in conjunction with efforts for maintaining and recovering the protective vegetation have increased the degree of protection. Priorities for environmental protection in the study area are proposed to focus on reforestation, rational management of rangeland and restoration of hydrologic conditions of the watersheds.

Keywords

Land degradation Cultural heritage Erosion Saint panteleimon Greece 

References

  1. Allison LE, Moodie CD (1965) Carbonate. In: Black et al (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 2, monograph 9. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp 1379–1400Google Scholar
  2. Baum L, Coe J, Godt J, Harp E, Reid M, Savage W, Schulz W, Brien D, Chleborad A, McKenna J, Michael J (2005) Regional landslide-hazard assessment for Seattle, Washington, USA. Landslides 2:266–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chelli A, Mandrone G, Truffelli G (2006) Field investigations and monitoring as tools for modelling the Rossena castle landslide (Northern Appennines, Italy). Landslides 3:252–259. DOI 10.1007/s10346-006-0046-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CORINE (1992) Soil erosion and important land resources in the southern regions of the European Community. European Commission, EUR 13233 EN, p 96Google Scholar
  5. Demoulin A, Glade T (2004) Recent landslide activity in Manaihan, East Belgium. Landslides 1:305–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gee G, Bauder J (1986) Particle size analysis. In: Klute A (ed) Methods of soil analyses, 2nd edn, part 2, vol 9. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, pp 383–411Google Scholar
  7. Henriksen H, Selmer-Olsen AA (1970) Automatic methods for determining nitrate and nitrite in water and soils extracts. Analyst (London) 95:514–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. IGME (1982) Geological map of Greece, Scale 1:50.000. IGME, AthensGoogle Scholar
  9. Jackson W, Frost C, Hildreth D (1975) Versatile multi-range analytical manifold for automatic analysis of nitrate-nitrogen. Soil Sci Am Pr 39:592–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Karyotis Th, Yasoglou N, Kosmas K, Pateras D, Danalatos N, Panoras A, Aggelakis K, Panagopoulos A, Koumas D, Raptis S (1999) Action plan for the vulnerable region of Thessaly, in compliance to directive 91/676/EEC (in Greek). NAGREF, AthensGoogle Scholar
  11. Koukis G, Ziourkas C (1991) Slope instability phenomena in Greece: a statistical analysis. Bull Int Assoc Eng Geol 34:47–60Google Scholar
  12. Mavromatis G (1980) The bioclimate of Greece—relations between climate and natural vegetation. Forest Institute Research of Athens, AthensGoogle Scholar
  13. McLean E (1982) Soil pH and lime requirement. In: Page AL (ed) Methods of soil analysis part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties. Agronomy 9:199–223Google Scholar
  14. Morgan R (1995) Soil erosion and conservation. Addison Wesley Longman, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  15. National Agricultural Research Foundation (1995) Soil survey in the prefecture of Pieria. NAGREF, AthensGoogle Scholar
  16. Nelson D, Sommers L (1982) Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Page AL (ed) Methods of soil analysis, chemical and microbiological properties, part 2, vol 9. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp 539–579Google Scholar
  17. Soil Taxonomy (1999) A basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys, 2nd ednGoogle Scholar
  18. Yassoglou N (1990) Desertification in Greece. In: Rubio JL, Rickson RJ (eds) Strategies to combat desertification in Mediterranean Europe. European Commission, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  19. Yassoglou N (2002) National committee for combating desertification: second national report of Greece on the implementation of the United Nations convention to combat desertification. National Committee for Combating Desertification, AthensGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ThessalyPanhellenic Union for Schools Environmental EducationLarissaGreece
  2. 2.Land Reclamation InstituteNational Agricultural Research FoundationThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Institute for Soil Mapping and ClassificationNational Agricultural Research FoundationLarissaGreece

Personalised recommendations