European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 62, Issue 6, pp 771–774 | Cite as

Design of non-lead rifle bullets to allow instant identification

  • Vernon G. ThomasEmail author
Methods Paper


A design feature for non-lead bullets was proposed enabling visual distinction from lead-core bullets. The feature would allow rapid, non-invasive, examination of ammunition to ensure compliance with lead-free bullet regulations. The feature entails making symmetric flutes, or concentric rings, behind the bullet tip during manufacture. They are unlikely to affect bullets’ ballistic performance. Should the design be adopted, agreement among governmental agencies and bullet makers is essential to incorporate this design protocol into regulations.


Lead-free rifle bullets Hunting Visual identification Design Regulation 



This paper was produced with the personal funds of the author.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Integrative Biology, College of Biological ScienceUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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