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European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 383–386 | Cite as

First parturition of tigers in a semi-arid habitat, western India

  • Randeep SinghEmail author
  • Paul R. Krausman
  • Puneet Pandey
  • Qamar Qureshi
  • Kalyanasundaram Sankar
  • Surendra Prakash Goyal
  • Anshuman Tripathi
Short Communication

Abstract

Long-term data of large felids is important to understand their reproductive biology and behavior for effective conservation planning. We used camera trap data and direct sightings from 2005 to 2013 to estimate the age of the first parturition of Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in a semi-arid habitat in India. We monitored 11 females in the Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve (RTR) from when they were 2–6 months old. The mean age at first reproduction (impregnation leading to cubs) was 51.3 ± (SE) 4.5 months. The tiger population in RTR is an important source population and genetic pool in the western most distribution of tiger. Thus, continuous monitoring of tiger populations is important to develop an understanding of reproductive biology.

Keywords

Camera trap Cubs India Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve Tiger Reproductive biology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Director and Dean of the Wildlife Institute of India for their support. We thank the Rajasthan Forest Department and the reserve officials and field staff at RTR for permissions and for facilitating this work. We especially thank nature guides of RTR and our field assistants, M. S. Gurjar and S. Sharma, for providing support. The Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun provided financial support for this work.

Supplementary material

10344_2013_784_MOESM1_ESM.docx (474 kb)
ESM 1 DOCX 473 kb

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randeep Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul R. Krausman
    • 2
  • Puneet Pandey
    • 1
  • Qamar Qureshi
    • 1
  • Kalyanasundaram Sankar
    • 1
  • Surendra Prakash Goyal
    • 1
  • Anshuman Tripathi
    • 3
  1. 1.Wildlife Institute of IndiaDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Boone and Crockett Program in Wildlife Biology ProgramUniversity of MontanaMissoulaUSA
  3. 3.NMDC LimitedDantewadaIndia

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