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Table 6 Medians for proportions of each occupied/unoccupied habitat type related to the agricultural intensity with statistical significance (Mann–Whitney U tests), and analyses of the effect of habitat type on number of jackal groups

From: Population densities and habitat use of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) in farmlands across the Balkan Peninsula

    Median for presence (min–max) Median for absence (min–max) Jackal occurrence (M–W U test) Number of jackal groups (simple regression)
   N % % U P Beta P
Arable Romania 33 58.9 (16.2–87.7) 54.6 (8.7–99.9) 38.0 0.68398 0.01 0.77730
Bulgaria 217 44.6 (0.0–93.3) 47.0 (0.0–94.9) 5,406.5 0.39780 −0.02 0.75384
Croatia 36 16.7 (0.0–65.4) 1.2 (0.0–9.5) 96.0 0.03943 0.26 0.12333
Serbia 45 36.1 (0.0–90.5) 69.8 (26.9–97.6) 82.0 0.00060 −0.49 0.00069
Hetero Romania 33 0.0 (0.0–0.1) 6.0 (0.0–49.9) 31.0 0.39789 −0.17 0.33534
Bulgaria 217 3.4 (0.0–18.2) 3.8 (0.0–29.1) 5,658.1 0.76610 0.02 0.78154
Croatia 36 23.2 (0.0–56.3) 30.9 (0.0–72.7) 126.5 0.27430 −0.23 0.17182
Serbia 45 16.1 (0.0–49.7) 5.6 (0.0–16.5) 123.5 0.01503 0.41 0.00466
Shrubs Romania 33 6.0 (0.0–6.9) 4.2 (0.0–18.7) 38.0 0.68398 0.09 0.60091
Bulgaria 217 25.3 (3.0–99.8) 19.2 (0.0–100.0) 3,797.0 0.00001 0.15 0.02803
Croatia 36 27.4 (0.3–78.2) 35.3 (0.0–72.3) 128.0 0.29571 −0.13 0.45860
Serbia 45 17.8 (0.8–37.1) 9.5 (0.0–29.7) 116.0 0.00900 0.33 0.02718
  1. P values below P = 0.05 are in italics
  2. Arable arable land, Hetero heterogeneous agricultural vegetation, Shrubs shrub–herbaceous vegetation