European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp 445–448 | Cite as

Note on the diet of the jaguar in central Brazil

  • Rahel Sollmann
  • Julie Betsch
  • Mariana Malzoni Furtado
  • Heribert Hofer
  • Anah T. A. Jácomo
  • Francisco Palomares
  • Severine Roques
  • Natália Mundim Tôrres
  • Carly Vynne
  • Leandro Silveira
Short Communication

Abstract

Diet of the jaguar Panthera onca in the Cerrado, central Brazil, was investigated based on a sample of genetically identified jaguar scats. At least nine prey species were observed in 35 scat samples. Giant anteaters Myrmecophaga tridactyla contributed more than 75 % of biomass to the observed diet. Tapirs Tapirus terrestris and peccaries Tayassu pecari and Pecari tajacu contributed approximately 6 % to jaguar diet each, and small mammals contributed least to the jaguar diet. At 0.121, dietary niche breadth was narrower than reported in most other studies. Due to their physical characteristics and abundance, giant anteaters are likely the most profitable prey for jaguars in Emas National Park, and as an important prey, they should be included in jaguar conservation efforts.

Keywords

Cerrado Giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla Panthera onca Peccaries Tapirs Tapirus terrestris 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rahel Sollmann
    • 1
    • 2
    • 8
  • Julie Betsch
    • 3
  • Mariana Malzoni Furtado
    • 1
    • 4
  • Heribert Hofer
    • 2
  • Anah T. A. Jácomo
    • 1
  • Francisco Palomares
    • 5
  • Severine Roques
    • 5
  • Natália Mundim Tôrres
    • 1
    • 6
  • Carly Vynne
    • 7
  • Leandro Silveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Jaguar Conservation Fund/Instituto Onça-PintadaMineirosBrazil
  2. 2.Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife ResearchBerlinGermany
  3. 3.College of Forestry and ConservationUniversity of MontanaMissoulaUSA
  4. 4.Universidade de São PauloFaculdade de Medicina Veterinária e ZootecniaSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Conservation BiologyEstación Biológica de Doñana (CSIC)SevillaSpain
  6. 6.Departamento de Biologia GeralUniversidade Federal de GoiásGoiâniaBrazil
  7. 7.Department of BiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  8. 8.Department of Forestry and Environmental ResourcesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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