European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 54, Issue 4, pp 723–728 | Cite as

Factors affecting crop damage by wild boar and methods of mitigation in a giant panda reserve

  • Jing Cai
  • Zhigang JiangEmail author
  • Yan Zeng
  • Chunwang Li
  • Benjamin D. Bravery
Original Paper


In China, following the introduction of protection measures, wild boar (Sus scrofa) are returning to forested mountains they previously inhabited and conflict in villages near or within areas under protection has intensified. We studied this phenomenon around a giant panda nature reserve in the Qinling Mountains, China to determine the incidence and frequency of wild boar damage and methods of mitigation. Over a 3-year period, we found that almost half of households in the local village sustained crop damage, that wild boar frequently raided maize (Zea mays), potato (Ipomoea batatas), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) adjoining the reserve, and that boar usually raided croplands at night and preferred the actual crops. The distance between maize fields and mountains or a stream predicted the probability of a field being raided and also the severity of the damage. Local farmers used many methods to protect their crops; however, all were ineffective except increasing the presence of humans in fields.


Animal–human conflict Maize Watching hut Ecotourism Qinling Mountains 



We thank Chinese Academy of Sciences Innovative Research International Partnership Project (CXTDS2005-4), Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, and UAS field conservation funds for financial support. Thank you to staff of Laoxiancheng Nature Reserve for their assistance and to Jing yu, Xueli Lu, and Yankuo Li for their help in the survey. Finally, we thank everyone living in the Laoxiancheng village that participated in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Cai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhigang Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yan Zeng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chunwang Li
    • 1
  • Benjamin D. Bravery
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of ZoologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Hainan Datian National Nature ReserveDongfangChina

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