European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 213–222 | Cite as

The nature of hunting around the Western Corridor of Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

  • Bjørn P. Kaltenborn
  • Julius W. Nyahongo
  • K. Margrethe Tingstad
Original Paper

Abstract

In many parts of Africa, illegal hunting is considered the most pressing issue in protected areas. Poaching has remained a persistent problem through the 50 year long history of Serengeti National Park. Around 2 million people live along the borders of the park. Poverty is widespread, and the population is increasing rapidly. In this paper we examine the local perceptions of importance and reasons for hunting, gender differences and opinions about mitigating measures among villagers around Serengeti’s Western Corridor. The data were collected through interviewing 590 persons in eight villages close to the borders of the park. Hunting is driven by the need to not only increase food supply and cash income, but also fulfil cultural and social needs. We also identified a proactive attitude in the rural communities towards reducing illegal hunting and more constructive relationships with the management authorities of the national park. The role of hunting in community life extends beyond the immediate poverty issue, and should be seen as an element in the larger development agenda of rural Tanzania and the quest for models for sustainable wildlife management.

Keywords

Illegal hunting Serengeti National Park Resource conflicts Community development 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bjørn P. Kaltenborn
    • 1
  • Julius W. Nyahongo
    • 2
  • K. Margrethe Tingstad
    • 1
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, (NINA)StorhoveLillehammerNorway
  2. 2.Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI)ArushaTanzania

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