Resistance to Peach-potato Aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Potato Cultivars

Resistenz gegen die Grüne Pfirsichblattlaus, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae), in Kultursorten der Kartoffel

Abstract

Previous research suggests that potato cultivars offer little aphid resistance. However, few studies have measured the effects of host cultivar on aphid age dependent life table statistics or related these measures to field performance. In this study, laboratory and field studies assessed four commercial potato cultivars (Anya, Desiree, Pink Fir Apple, Santé) for resistance to Myzuspersicae. Cultivars were found to show considerable differences in resistance. In the laboratory, the intrinsic rate of increase (r m) and effective fecundity of M. persicae was lowest on cv. Anya and highest on cv. Desiree. Aphids also took longer to develop to adults and were smaller in size on Anya compared with Desiree. Field studies over two seasons found that M. Persicae infestations started earlier on Desiree than on Anya and that the greatest weekly counts were recorded on the former.

Zusammenfassung

Frühere Studien deuten darauf hin, dass Kartoffelsorten wenig resistent sind gegen Blattläuse. Aber nur in wenigen Studien wurden auch die Auswirkungen der Wirtsorte auf die altersabhängige Überlebensstatistik der Blattläuse gemessen oder diese Messungen mit der Feldleistung in Verbindung gebracht. In dieser Studie wurden in Labor- und Felduntersuchungen vier kommerzielle Kultursorten der Kartoffel (Anya, Désirée, Pink Fir Apple, Santé) auf ihre Resistenz gegen Myzus persicae untersucht. Zwischen den Kultursorten wurden beträchtliche Unterschiede in der Resistenz festgestellt. Im Labor waren die immanente Wachstumsrate (rm) und die effektive Fruchtbarkeit von M. persicae bei cv. Anya am geringsten und bei cv. Desiree am höchsten. Bei der Sorte Anya brauchten die Blattläuse auch länger für ihre Entwicklung zum erwachsenen Tier und waren kleiner als bei der Sorte Désirée. Feldstudien über zwei Saisonen haben ergeben, dass der Befall mit M. persicae bei Désirée früher einsetzte als bei Anya, und dass die Sorte Désirée außerdem die größte wöchentliche Auszählung aufwies.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Rahim Shah and Gul Naz for their help in field experiments, and Mohammad Tariq for help with insect rearing. We acknowledge the Higher Education Commission (HEC) Islamabad, Pakistan for their provision of a scholarship to Asad Ali.

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Ali, A., Wright, D.J. & Tariq, K. Resistance to Peach-potato Aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Potato Cultivars. Gesunde Pflanzen 68, 213–219 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10343-016-0380-6

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Keywords

  • Myzus persicae
  • Plant resistance
  • Potato cultivars
  • Field performance

Schlüsselwörter

  • Myzus persicae
  • Pflanzenresistenz
  • Kartoffelsorten
  • Feldleistung