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Anthocyanin’s as marker for selection of buckwheat plants with high rutin content

Anthocyane als Marker zur Selektion von Buchweizenpflanzen mit hohem Rutingehalt

Abstract

This study is focused on the selection analysis of high rutin contents in various buckwheat species and cultivars, such as Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. (Cultivars Lileya, Bilshovik, Rubra), F. tataricum G. (ssp. rotundatum (Bab) Krot. and ssp. tuberculatum Krot.), F. cymosum Meissn, and Fagopyrum giganteum Krot. Rutin contents in vegetative organs of plants showed good correlation with anthocyanins contents in vegetative organs of Rubra cultivar. The presence of anthocyanin’s contents in the vegetative organs of buckwheat can be a reliable genetic marker for screening plants with high content of rutin. In the third generation of selection process with the proposed selection method by us, a genetic line of Rubra cultivar with high rutin content in the vegetative mass has been obtained. The proposed method of selection based on the color visual assessment of plant parts of buckwheat which is correlated with anthocyanin contents. The color visual assessment of vegetative organs of buckwheat plants can be marker for selection buckwheat cultivars with high anthocyanin’s and rutin contents.

Zusammenfassung

Diese Studie konzentriert sich auf die Selektionsanalyse hoher Rutinkonzentrationen in verschiedenen Buchweizenunterarten und -sorten wie Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, (Sorten Lileya, Bilshovik, Rubra), F. tataricum G. (ssp. Rotundatum (Bab) Krot. und ssp. Tuberculatum Krot.), F. cymosum Meissn und Fagopyrum giganteum Krot. Der Rutingehalt in vegetativen Organen der Pflanzen zeigte eine eindeutige Korrelation mit dem Anthocyangehalt in vegetativen Organen der Sorte Rubra. Das Vorhandensein von Anthocyanen in den vegetativen Organen von Buchweizen kann ein verlässlicher genetischer Marker zum Screenen von Pflanzen mit hohem Rutingehalt sein. In der dritten Generation des Selektionsverfahrens mit der in der Studie vorgeschlagenen Selektionsmethose wurde eine genetische Linie der Sorte Rubra mit hohem Rutingehalt in der vegetativen Masse erzielt. Die vorgeschlagene Selektionsmethode basiert auf der optischen Einschätzung der Farbe von Pflanzenteilen des Buchweizens, die mit dem Anthocyangehalt zusammenhängt. Die optische Einschätzung der Farbe vegetativer Organe von Buchweizenpflanzen kann ein Marker zur Selektion von Buchweizensorten mit hohem Gehalt an Anthocyanen und Rutin sein.

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Acknowledgement

The authors are indebted to would like to thank James Hamilton and Lothar Eichler for their helpful comments on an earlier draft.

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Correspondence to Oksana Sytar.

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Sytar, O., Kosyan, A., Taran, N. et al. Anthocyanin’s as marker for selection of buckwheat plants with high rutin content. Gesunde Pflanzen 66, 165–169 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10343-014-0331-z

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Keywords

  • Anthocyanins
  • Fagopyrum species
  • Rutin

Schlüsselwörter

  • Anthocyane
  • Fagopyrum
  • Rutin