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European Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 135, Issue 3, pp 433–449 | Cite as

How does deadwood structure temperate forest bat assemblages?

  • Laurent TillonEmail author
  • Christophe Bouget
  • Yoan Paillet
  • Stéphane Aulagnier
Original Paper

Abstract

Thirty percent of forest species depend on deadwood. Some of them are now considered rare or at high risk of extinction mainly due to an insufficient quantity of deadwood substrates. Some bats roost in dead trees and snags. Because European bats are strictly insectivorous, we can wonder whether deadwood plays an important role by providing potential preys too. We conducted ultrasonic surveys in different deciduous French forests dominated by oaks (Quercus spp.) and beech (Fagus sylvatica). Our results showed a positive relationship between the volume of deadwood and the richness of bat species. Some species were positively related to deadwood volumes, either lying or standing, with detected thresholds. Species richness increased particularly from 25 m3 per hectare of standing deadwood. This link can be explained by deadwood-dwelling preys or by changes in the forest structure, due to openings created by dead trees that are favorable for edge-habitat species. Other species negatively reacted to the presence of deadwood, either because bats were not able to forage there or because dead trees did not provide relevant preys. Contrary to our hypothesis, clutter by foliage and basal area of the living trees explained more the presence/occurrence of gleaning bats than deadwood. Whereas several species were considered as forest bats (Myotis bechsteinii, Plecotus auritus, Barbastella barbastellus), we did not find any relationship between their occurrence and deadwood. This result strengthens the need of further studies on the relationships between forest habitats and bat assemblages.

Keywords

Chiroptera Oak forest Dead trees Forest glade Conservation Forest management 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was partially funded by the French Ministry in charge of Ecology through the program “Biodiversité, Gestion Forestière et Politiques Publiques” (BGF), convention GNB 10-MBGD-BGF-1-CVS-092, no. CHORUS 2100 214°651. We thank the members of the mammal network of the French forest office (Office National des Forêts) for their help in the establishment of listening plots. We thank Dorine Pasqualini for the proofreading of the English translation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurent Tillon
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Christophe Bouget
    • 3
  • Yoan Paillet
    • 3
  • Stéphane Aulagnier
    • 4
  1. 1.Direction des Forêts et des Risques NaturelsONF Réseau mammifèresParis Cedex 12France
  2. 2.SEVABUniversité Paul SabatierToulouse Cedex 09France
  3. 3.IRSTEA, UR EFNONogent-sur-VernissonFrance
  4. 4.Comportement et Ecologie de la Faune SauvageINRACastanet Tolosan CedexFrance

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