European Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 131, Issue 6, pp 1991–2003 | Cite as

Integration of fungal production in forest management using a multi-criteria method

  • Jorge Aldea
  • Fernando Martínez-Peña
  • Luis Diaz-Balteiro
Original Paper


Some non-timber forestry products, such as mushrooms, have not typically been included in forest management plans, creating a scenario whereby timber production is the main objective and fungal resources are an afterthought. However, in certain forests, wild mushrooms reach a significant level of production. This paper researches a strategic forest management plan that would include the production of both timber and mushrooms as principal objectives while still adhering to constraints normally considered within forest management. A case study is provided featuring two main groups of edible wild mushrooms, where the two aforementioned objectives have been optimised individually. Lacking a satisfactory solution for the decision-maker, a model based on multi-criteria decision analysis (compromise programming) has been constructed to yield more attractive solutions. Information regarding mushrooms is based on the actual amount collected in the forest and not on potential production. Measured in monetary terms, mushroom production can be easily compared with timber production. Income associated with mushroom production is equal to approximately 20 % of that generated by timber throughout the planning horizon when final inventory and regulation constraints are imposed.


Edible wild mushrooms Compromise programming Forest management Strategic planning 



This research has been carried out thanks to (amongst others) the Interreg IVB SUDOE SOE1/P2/E069 Micosylva project. Special thanks also to the staff of CIF Valonsadero involved in sample plot network maintenance and mushroom picking in Pinar Grande over the years. Comments made by Professor Carlos Romero from Technical University of Madrid have greatly improved the presentation and accuracy of the paper. Thanks are given to two referees for their valuable comments. The work of Luis Diaz-Balteiro was funded by the Autonomous Community of Madrid under projects Q100705066 and QM100705026 and by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science under project AGL2011-25825. Thanks also go to Diana Badder and PRS for editing the English.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Aldea
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fernando Martínez-Peña
    • 2
    • 3
  • Luis Diaz-Balteiro
    • 1
  1. 1.ETS Ingenieros de MontesMadridSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación Forestal de Valonsadero, Consejería de Medio AmbienteSoriaSpain
  3. 3.Polígono Industrial “Las Casas” Calle CSoriaSpain

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