Carbon sequestration in Spanish Mediterranean forests under two management alternatives: a modeling approach

Abstract

Management implications associated with two different silvicultural strategies in two Spanish pine forests (Scots pine stands in northern Spain and Mediterranean Maritime pine stands in Central Spain) were explored. Whole-stand yield, growth models and individual tree equations were used to estimate carbon stock in forests under different silvicultural alternatives and site indexes. Each alternative was evaluated on the basis of the land expectation value (LEV). Results reveal the appropriateness of implementing carbon payments, because it can clearly complement traditional management objectives in economic terms. Longer rotations on the poorest sites result in a positive economic return by introducing carbon output. The proportion of carbon stock in the final harvest relative to total fixed carbon is always higher in long rotation scenarios. However, short rotation systems produce the highest values of carbon MAI regardless of site index. The impact of carbon price is higher on the Maritime pine stands than on Scots pine stands. For both the species, changes in the discount rate have a minor impact on Carbon LEV. Notwithstanding, the proportion of total LEV due to carbon is greater when the discount rate increases.

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Acknowledgments

This work has been possible through research projects financed by the Spanish Education and Research Ministry (project codes AGL-2001-1780 and AGL2004-07094-C02-02) and a collaborative research agreement between the Consejería de Medio Ambiente (Junta de Castilla y León) and the University of Valladolid. Luis Diaz-Balteiro work’s in this paper was undertaken with the support of the Spanish “Comisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología” (CICYT) under the projects SEJ2005-04392 and AGL2005-04514. Robert J. Pabst (Dept of Forest Science, Oregon State University) checked the English version and provided generous linguistic advice. Helpful comments of two anonymous reviewers are also highly appreciated.

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Correspondence to F. Bravo.

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Communicated by Hans Pretzsch.

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Bravo, F., Bravo-Oviedo, A. & Diaz-Balteiro, L. Carbon sequestration in Spanish Mediterranean forests under two management alternatives: a modeling approach. Eur J Forest Res 127, 225–234 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-007-0198-y

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Keywords

  • Pinus sylvestris
  • Pinus pinaster
  • Growth models
  • Silviculture
  • Kyoto protocol
  • Carbon sequestration