Skip to main content

Seed Oil Quantity and Fatty Acid Composition of Different Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides L.) Wild Populations in Iran

Kernölmenge und Fettsäurezusammensetzung verschiedener, im Iran wild wachsender, Sanddorn-Herkünften (Hippophae rhamnoides L.)

Abstract

Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) is a valuable multipurpose medicinal plant belonging to Elaeagnaceae family. In this study, oil content and fatty acid composition of seed oil from 20 sea buckthorn wild populations of Iran were evaluated in 2014 and 2015. Oil extraction was done using n-hexane solvent in a Soxhlet apparatus and then GC analysis of fatty acid methyl esters was performed. The highest and lowest amount of seed oil content in two years were obtained from Sarein and Kejel populations, respectively (3.88 to 8.63% in 2014 and from 4.07 to 9.66% in 2015). Importance of seed oil is related to it’s highly amount of unsaturated fatty acids. Maximum content of oleic acid cis were existed in Kelavenga (21.19%) on 2014. The highest value of oleic acid trans were related to Shahrestanak (6.34%) in 2015. Maximum content of linoleic acid in 2014 were existed in Baladeh (42.03%) on 2015. The highest linolenic acid content were obtained from Dehdar (30.73%) in 2014. Factor analysis based on PCA revealed, first three components (PC1–PC3) explained 63.86% of the total variation. The first component (PC1) was contributed by some traits such as seed oil percentage, Palmitoleic acid, oleic acid trance and linoleic acid contents with about 29% of total variation. Hierarchical cluster analysis divided the populations into four main groups with high diversity. Wide range of variation across the sea buckthorn populations in seed oil traits could be exploited for selection of suitable genotypes to improvement and commercial exploitation of this plant.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  • AOCS (1989) Official methods and recommended practices of the American oil chemists’ society. AOCS, Champaign

    Google Scholar 

  • Cenkowski S, Yakimishen R, Przybylski R, Muir WE (2006) Quality of extracted sea buckthorn seed and pulp oil. Can Biosyst Eng 48:3.9–3.16

    Google Scholar 

  • Dong JE, Ma XH, Wei Q, Peng SB, Zhang SC (2011) Effects of growing location on the contents of secondary metabolites in the leaves of four selected superior clones of Eucommia ulmoides. Ind Crops Prod 34:1607–1614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.06.007

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • El-Adawy TA, Rahma EH, El-Bedawy AA, Gafar AF (1999) Properties of some citrus seeds. Part 3. Evaluation as a new source of protein and oil. Mol Nutr Food Res 43:385–391

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fatima T, Snyder CL, Schroeder WR, Cram D, Datla R, Wishart D, Weselake RJ, Krishna P (2012) Fatty acid composition of developing seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berry and the transcriptome of the mature seed. PLOS ONE 7:4

    Google Scholar 

  • Francis V (2012) Fatty acids in berry lipids of six sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L., subspecies carpatica) cultivars grown in Romania. Chem Cent J 6(9):106–118

    Google Scholar 

  • Gao X, Ohlander M, Jeppsson N, Bjork L, Trajkovski V (2000) Changes in antioxidant effects and their relationships to phytonutrients in fruits of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) during maturation. J Agric Food Chem 48:1485–1490

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gutierrez LF, Ratti C, Belkacemi K (2008) Effects of drying method on the extraction yields and quality of oils from Quebec sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) seeds and pulp. Food Chem 106:896–904. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.06.058

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kumar R, Kumar GP, Chaurasia OP, Singh SB (2011) Phytochemical and Pharmalogical profile of sea buckthorn oil: a review. Res J Med Plant 5(5):491–499

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Li TSC, Beveridge THJ (2003) Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.): production and utilization. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, p 133

    Google Scholar 

  • Rousi A (1971) The genus Hippophae ¨ L. A taxonomic study. Ann Bot Fennici 8:177–227

    Google Scholar 

  • Sabir SM, Maqsood H, Hayat I, Khan MQ, Khaiq A (2005) Elemental and nutritional analysis of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica) berries of Pakistani origin. J Med Food 8:518–522

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Shah AH, Ahmad SD, Sabir M, Shazia A, Ishtiaque K, Batool F (2007) Biochemical and nutritional Evaluations of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica) from different locations of Pakistan. Pak J Bot 39:2059–2065

    Google Scholar 

  • Singh V, Gupta R (2015) Fatty acid composition of fruit pulp and seed oils of Himalayan sea buckthorn. Int J Nutr Food Sci 4:Iss1

    Google Scholar 

  • Verehschagin AG, Ozerinina OV, Tsydendambaev VD (1998) Occurrence of two different systems of triacyglycerol formation in sea buckthorn fruit mesocarp. J Plant Physiol 153:208–213

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yang B, Kallio H (2002a) Composition and physiological effects of sea buckthorn (Hippophae) lipids. Trends Food Sci Technol 13(5):160–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-2244(02)00136-X

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yang B, Kallio H (2002b) Effects of harvesting time on triacylglycerols and glycerophospholipids of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries of different origins. J Food Compost Anal 15(2):143–157. https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.2001.1041

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yang B, Kallio HP (2001) Fatty acid composition of lipids in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries of different origins. J Agric Food Chem 49:1939–1947

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yang H (1989) The dynamic distribution of some active components in sea buckthorn fruits growing on Qinghai-Tibet plateau. First International Symposium on Sea Buckthorn, Xi’an, China, 19.10.-23.10.1989, pp 158–162

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Department of Cultivation and Development, Medicinal Plants Research Centre, Institute of Medicinal Plants affiliated with the Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR) in Karaj, Iran.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hassanali Naghdi Badi.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

A. Kuhkheil, A. Mehrafarin, V. Abdoosi and H. Naghdi Badi declare that they have no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kuhkheil, A., Mehrafarin, A., Abdossi, V. et al. Seed Oil Quantity and Fatty Acid Composition of Different Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides L.) Wild Populations in Iran. Erwerbs-Obstbau 60, 165–172 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-017-0351-9

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-017-0351-9

Keywords

  • Hippophae rhamnoides
  • Hierarchical cluster
  • Populations
  • Seed oil
  • Fatty acids

Schlüsselwörter

  • Hippophae rhamnoides
  • Hierarchisches Cluster
  • Bestände
  • Kernöl
  • Fettsäuren