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Some Fruit Characteristics of Selected Cornelian Cherries (Cornus mas L.) from Montenegro

Fruchtmerkmale ausgewählter Selektionen der Kornelkirsche (Cornus mas L.) aus Montenegro

Abstract

Some important fruit characteristics of twelve promising cornelian cherry selections from Montenegro were presented. Average fruit mass and flesh ratio of promising selections ranged from 1.90 g (BA-13) to 4.40 g (BR-135) and 83.16 % (BA-13) to 88.63 % (BR-135). External fruit color was dark red in the majority of selections but there were also selections with a red and yellow color. The selections had a total dry matter content between 18.83 % (BP-07) and 27.73 % (BP-54); total acid content between 1.65 % (BP-38) and 3.54 % (BP-07); total sugar content between 10.42 % (PL-99) and 17.52 % (BR-135), reducing sugar content between 8.73 % (BP-21) and 15.78 % (BR-135); sucrose content between 0.29 % (BP-38) and 3.51 % (BA-13); ash content between 0.65 % (BP-07) and 1.59 % (ŽB-143); Ca-pectate content between 1.03 % (BA-13) and 2.47 % (BP-51) and vitamin C content between 52 mg/100 g (BP-07) and 103 mg/100 g (ŽB-143). The results showed that a particularly high content of pectin and vitamin C of the selections make them suitable for table use and various forms of processing. The selection BR-135 was found to be the most promising overall for the best fruit mass and chemical composition characteristics, except its vitamin C content.

Zusammenfassung

Von zwölf vielversprechenden Selektionen der Kornelkirsche aus Montenegro werden einige wichtige Fruchteigenschaften vorgestellt. Das durchschnittliche Fruchtgewicht und der Fruchtfleischanteil der Selektionen reichten von 1,90 g (BA-13) bis zu 4,40 g (BR-135) und 83,16 % (BA-13) bis zu 88,63 % (BR-135). Bei der Mehrheit der Selektionen war die Fruchtschale dunkelrot, aber es gab auch Selektionen mit roter oder gelber Farbe. Die Früchte der Selektionen hatten einen Trockenmassegehalt von 18,83 % (BP-07) und 27,73 % (BP-54), einen Gesamtsäuregehalt zwischen 1,65 % (BP-38) und 3,54 % (BP-07), einen Gesamtzuckergehalt zwischen 10,42 % (PL-99) und 17,52 % (BR-135), einen Gehalt an reduzierenden Zuckern zwischen 8,73 % (BP-21) und 15,78 % (BR-135), einen Saccharosegehalt zwischen 0,29 % (BP-38) und 3,51 % (BA-13), Aschegehalt zwischen 0,65 % (BP-07) und 1,59 % (ŽB-143), Ca-Pektat-Gehalt zwischen 1,03 % (BA-13) und 2,47 % (BP-51) sowie einen Vitamin C-Gehalt zwischen 52 mg/100 g (BP-07) und 103 mg/100 g (ŽB-143). Die Ergebnisse zeigten, dass die Selektionen besonders aufgrund ihres hohen Pektin- und Vitamin C-Gehaltes für den Frischverzehr und für zahlreiche Verarbeitungsprodukte geeignet sind. Insgesamt am vielversprechendsten in Bezug auf Fruchtgewicht und der chemischen Zusammensetzung der Fruchtinhaltsstoffe mit Ausnahme des Vitamin C-Gehaltes zeigte sich die Selektion BR 135.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to express our gratefulness to the Ministry of Science of Montenegro that recognized the importance of Cornelian cherry as a fruit species so that projects 05-1/3-423 and 01-549 had been financed. We express deep gratitude to Dr Lj. Krgović for giving iniciative in studying this challenging theme.

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Correspondence to Sezai Ercisli.

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Jaćimović, V., Božović, D., Ercisli, S. et al. Some Fruit Characteristics of Selected Cornelian Cherries (Cornus mas L.) from Montenegro. Erwerbs-Obstbau 57, 119–124 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-015-0238-6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-015-0238-6

Keywords

  • Cornus mas L.
  • Selection
  • Fruit characteristics
  • Genetic resources
  • Montenegro

Schlüsselwörter

  • Cornus mas L.
  • Selektionen
  • Fruchteigenschaften
  • Genressourcen
  • Montenegro