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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 91, Issue 4, pp 1213–1224 | Cite as

Large-scale spatial dynamics of Drosophila suzukii in Trentino, Italy

  • Gabriella TaitEmail author
  • Alberto Grassi
  • Ferdinand Pfab
  • Cristina M. Crava
  • Daniel T. Dalton
  • Roger Magarey
  • Lino Ometto
  • Silvia Vezzulli
  • M. Valerio Rossi-Stacconi
  • Angela Gottardello
  • Andrea Pugliese
  • Giuseppe Firrao
  • Vaughn M. Walton
  • Gianfranco Anfora
Original Paper

Abstract

Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is an invasive alien species devastating soft fruit crops in newly invaded territories. Little is known about the importance and potential of long-distance dispersal at a regional scale. The goal of this work is to investigate D. suzukii dispersal ability during different times of the season, and along an elevational gradient in a mountain valley in Trentino Province, Italy. We employed a mark–release–recapture strategy using protein markers. Flies were recaptured using fruit-baited traps. The protein-marked flies were positively identified using ELISA procedure. Additional microsatellite analyses were performed on D. suzukii collected during autumn at different elevations to characterize the population structure. Results suggest that a portion of the local D. suzukii population moves from low to high elevations during spring and summer and travels back to low elevations in autumn. Genetic analysis further revealed that samples collected during autumn at different elevations belong to the same population. These results show that D. suzukii are able to fly up to about 9000 m away from the marking point and that seasonal breezes likely facilitate long-distance movement. We suggest that these migrations have multiple functions for D. suzukii, including conferring the ability to exploit gradual changes of temperature, food, and ovipositional resources in spring and autumn, as well as to assist in the search for suitable overwintering sites in late autumn. Our findings help to unveil the complex ecology of D. suzukii in Italian mountainous regions and provide important clues for improving the efficacy of integrated pest management control techniques to combat this pest.

Keywords

Spotted wing drosophila Mark–release–recapture Seasonal movement ELISA Microsatellite markers Abiotic factors 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Joe Russo of ZedX inc. (Bellefonte, PA) for supplying the CFSR weather data. The supply of these weather data was supported by the USDA-NIFA AFRI Competitive Grants Program Food Security Challenge Area grant 2015-68004-23179. We thank Elisabetta Leonardelli for the technical support. We also thank Linda Brewer who helped with the English language revision.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriella Tait
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author return OK on get
  • Alberto Grassi
    • 3
  • Ferdinand Pfab
    • 4
  • Cristina M. Crava
    • 1
  • Daniel T. Dalton
    • 5
  • Roger Magarey
    • 6
  • Lino Ometto
    • 7
  • Silvia Vezzulli
    • 1
  • M. Valerio Rossi-Stacconi
    • 3
    • 5
  • Angela Gottardello
    • 3
  • Andrea Pugliese
    • 4
  • Giuseppe Firrao
    • 2
  • Vaughn M. Walton
    • 5
  • Gianfranco Anfora
    • 1
    • 8
  1. 1.Research and Innovation CentreFondazione Edmund MachSan Michele all´AdigeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesUniversity of UdineUdineItaly
  3. 3.Technology Transfer CentreFondazione Edmund MachSan Michele all´AdigeItaly
  4. 4.Department of MathematicsUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly
  5. 5.Department of HorticultureOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  6. 6.NSF Center for Integrated Pest ManagementNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  7. 7.MezzocoronaItaly
  8. 8.Center of Agriculture Food Environment (C3A)University of TrentoSan Michele all´AdigeItaly

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