Skip to main content
Log in

Effects of jasmonate-induced resistance in conifer plants on the feeding behaviour of a bark-chewing insect, Hylobius abietis

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Journal of Pest Science Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Conifer defences can be induced by exogenous chemical elicitors, thereby reducing damage caused by bark-feeding insects. However, the insect behavioural mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Thus, effects of artificially induced plant defences on feeding behaviour of the pine weevil (Hylobius abietis), a serious forest pest, were examined to explore mechanisms involved in decision-making processes connected to feeding. To induce plant defences, we applied methyl jasmonate (MeJA), a naturally occurring plant hormone, to young Norway spruce (Picea abies) plants. The weevils’ feeding behaviour on plants with and without MeJA treatment was studied in both a no-choice and a choice laboratory experiment. MeJA treatment did not affect the initiation of feeding, but it affected the weevils’ subsequent feeding patterns. In the no-choice experiment, the only observed effect of its treatment was that it reduced the size of the initial feeding scars. In the choice experiment, it reduced both the numbers and sizes of the feeding scars and hence the total debarked area. Thus, the MeJA-induced resistance did not deter the pine weevils from attacking the spruce plants, but reduced the amounts they consumed at one place, which would reduce risks of girdling and plant death. This may be the behavioural mechanism behind the previously recorded increases in survival rates of MeJA-treated plants in the field.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Bates D, Maechler M, Bolker B, Walker S (2014) lme4: linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 11-7

  • Bylund H, Nordlander G, Nordenhem H (2004) Feeding and oviposition rates in the pine weevil Hylobius abietis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Bull Entomol Res 94:307–317

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Egger B, Koschier EH (2014) Behavioural responses of Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande larvae to methyl jasmonate and cis-jasmone. J Pest Sci 87:53–59

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Eidmann HH (1974) Hylobius abietis L., Großer Brauner Rüsselkäfer. In: Schwenke W (ed) Die Forstschädlinge Europas, vol 2. Paul Parey, Hamburg, pp 277–293

    Google Scholar 

  • Erbilgin N, Krokene P, Christiansen E, Zeneli G, Gershenzon J (2006) Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate elicits defenses in Norway spruce (Picea abies) and reduces host colonization by the bark beetle Ips typographus. Oecologia 148:426–436

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Eyles A, Bonello P, Ganley R, Mohammed C (2010) Induced resistance to pests and pathogens in trees. New Phytol 185:893–908

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Fäldt J, Martin D, Miller B, Rawat S, Bohlmann J (2003) Traumatic resin defense in Norway spruce (Picea abies): methyl jasmonate-induced terpene synthase gene expression, and cDNA cloning and functional characterization of (+)-3-carene synthase. Plant Mol Biol 51:119–133

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Fedderwitz F, Björklund N, Ninkovic V, Nordlander G (2014) Diel behaviour and time budget of the adult pine weevil, Hylobius abietis. Physiol Entomol 39:103–110

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fedderwitz F, Björklund N, Ninkovic V, Nordlander G (2015) The structure of feeding behavior in a phytophagous insect (Hylobius abietis). Entomol Exp Appl 155:229–239

    Google Scholar 

  • Franceschi VR, Krekling T, Christiansen E (2002) Application of methyl jasmonate on Picea abies (Pinaceae) stems induces defense-related responses in phloem and xylem. Am J Bot 89:578–586

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Franceschi VR, Krokene P, Christiansen E, Krekling T (2005) Anatomical and chemical defenses of conifer bark against bark beetles and other pests. New Phytol 167:353–375

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gould N, Reglinski T, Northcott GL, Spiers M, Taylor JT (2009) Physiological and biochemical responses in Pinus radiata seedlings associated with methyl jasmonate-induced resistance to Diplodia pinea. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 74:121–128

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Heijari J, Nerg AM, Kainulainen P, Viiri H, Vuorinen M, Holopainen JK (2005) Application of methyl jasmonate reduces growth but increases chemical defence and resistance against Hylobius abietis in Scots pine seedlings. Entomol Exp Appl 115:117–124

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Heijari J, Nerg AM, Kainulainen P, Vuorinen M, Holopainen JK (2008) Long-term effects of exogenous methyl jasmonate application on Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) needle chemical defence and diprionid sawfly performance. Entomol Exp Appl 128:162–171

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Holopainen JK, Heijari J, Nerg AM, Vuorinen M, Kainulainen P (2009) Potential for the use of exogenous chemical elicitors in disease and insect pest management of conifer seedling production. Open For Sci J 2:17–24

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Karban R (2011) The ecology and evolution of induced resistance against herbivores. Funct Ecol 25:339–347

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kozlowski G, Buchala A, Métraux JP (1999) Methyl jasmonate protects Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] seedlings against Pythium ultimum Trow. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 55:53–58

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Krokene P (2015) Conifer defense and resistance to bark beetles. In: Vega FE, Hofstetter RW (eds) Bark beetles—biology and ecology of native and invasive species. Elsevier, San Diego, pp 177–207

    Google Scholar 

  • Krokene P, Nagy NE, Solheim H (2008) Methyl jasmonate and oxalic acid treatment of Norway spruce: anatomically based defense responses and increased resistance against fungal infection. Tree Physiol 28:29–35

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Långström B, Day KR (2004) Damage, control and management of weevil pests, especially Hylobius abietis. In: Lieutier F, Day KR, Battisti A, Grégoire J-C, Evans HF (eds) Bark and wood boring insects in living trees in Europe, a synthesis. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 415–444

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Martin D, Tholl D, Gershenzon J, Bohlmann J (2002) Methyl jasmonate induces traumatic resin ducts, terpenoid resin biosynthesis, and terpenoid accumulation in developing xylem of Norway spruce stems. Plant Physiol 129:1003–1018

    Article  PubMed Central  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Moreira X, Sampedro L, Zas R (2009) Defensive responses of Pinus pinaster seedlings to exogenous application of methyl jasmonate: concentration effect and systemic response. Environ Exp Bot 67:94–100

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Moreira X, Zas R, Sampedro L (2012) Methyl jasmonate as chemical elicitor of induced responses and anti-herbivory resistance in young conifer trees. In: Mérillon JM, Ramawat KG (eds) Plant defence: biological control. Progress in biological control, vol 12. Springer, Berlin, pp 345–362

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Moreira X, Lundborg L, Zas R, Carrillo-Gavilan A, Borg-Karlson AK, Sampedro L (2013) Inducibility of chemical defences by two chewing insect herbivores in pine trees is specific to targeted plant tissue, particular herbivore and defensive trait. Phytochemistry 94:113–122

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Nicole MC et al (2006) White pine weevil (Pissodes strobi) biological performance is unaffected by the jasmonic acid or wound-induced defense response in Norway spruce (Picea abies). Tree Physiol 26:1377–1389

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Nordlander G (1991) Host finding in the pine weevil Hylobius abietis: effects of conifer volatiles and added limonene. Entomol Exp Appl 59:229–237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Örlander G, Nordlander G, Wallertz K, Nordenhem H (2000) Feeding in the crowns of Scots pine trees by the pine weevil Hylobius abietis. Scand J For Res 15:194–201

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Petersson M, Örlander G (2003) Effectiveness of combinations of shelterwood, scarification, and feeding barriers to reduce pine weevil damage. Can J For Res 33:64–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pinheiro J, Bates D, DebRoy S, Sarkar D, R Core Team (2014) nlme: linear and nonlinear mixed effects models. R package version 31117

  • Reglinski T, Dann E, Deverall B (2007) Integration of induced resistance in crop production. In: Walters D, Newton A, Lyon G (eds) Induced resistance for plant disease control: a sustainable approach to crop protection. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp 201–228

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Reglinski T, Dann E, Deverall B (2014) Implementation of induced resistance for crop protection. In: Walters D, Newton A, Lyon G (eds) Induced resistance for plant defense: a sustainable approach to crop protection. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp 249–299

    Google Scholar 

  • Sampedro L, Moreira X, Zas R (2011a) Costs of constitutive and herbivore-induced chemical defences in pine trees emerge only under low nutrient availability. J Ecol 99:818–827

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sampedro L, Moreira X, Zas R (2011b) Resistance and response of Pinus pinaster seedlings to Hylobius abietis after induction with methyl jasmonate. Plant Ecol 212:397–401

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Semiz G, Blande JD, Heijari J, Isik K, Niinemets U, Holopainen JK (2012) Manipulation of VOC emissions with methyl jasmonate and carrageenan in the evergreen conifer Pinus sylvestris and evergreen broadleaf Quercus ilex. Plant Biol 14:57–65

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Vallad GE, Goodman RM (2004) Systemic acquired resistance and induced systemic resistance in conventional agriculture. Crop Sci 44:1920–1934

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wallertz K, Nordlander G, Örlander G (2006) Feeding on roots in the humus layer by adult pine weevil, Hylobius abietis. Agric For Entomol 8:273–279

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zas R, Björklund N, Nordlander G, Cendan C, Hellqvist C, Sampedro L (2014) Exploiting jasmonate-induced responses for field protection of conifer seedlings against a major forest pest, Hylobius abietis. For Ecol Manag 313:212–223

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zulak KG, Lippert DN, Kuzyk MA, Domanski D, Chou T, Borchers CH, Bohlmann J (2009) Targeted proteomics using selected reaction monitoring reveals the induction of specific terpene synthases in a multi-level study of methyl jasmonate-treated Norway spruce (Picea abies). Plant J 60:1015–1030

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank Bo Karlsson for the plant material, Henrik Nordenhem for construction of the cylinders, Annhild Andersson and Iris Dahlin for help with the climate chamber, and Mikael Andersson Franko and Ulf Olsson for help with the statistics. This study was financed by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (Parasite Resistant Tree project), the Swedish forestry sector (The Swedish Hylobius Research Program) and Stiftelsen Skogssällskapet (Methyl jasmonate—a smart alternative for protecting conifer seedlings against the pine weevil, Hylobius abietis).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Frauke Fedderwitz.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Additional information

Communicated by C. Stauffer.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fedderwitz, F., Nordlander, G., Ninkovic, V. et al. Effects of jasmonate-induced resistance in conifer plants on the feeding behaviour of a bark-chewing insect, Hylobius abietis . J Pest Sci 89, 97–105 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-015-0684-9

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-015-0684-9

Keywords

Navigation