Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 191–199 | Cite as

Bioactivity of Pelargonium graveolens essential oil and related monoterpenoids against sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci biotype B

  • Edson L. L. Baldin
  • Gabriela P. Aguiar
  • Thiago L. M. Fanela
  • Muriel C. E. Soares
  • Milton Groppo
  • Antônio E. M. Crotti
Original Paper


The sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), causes high economic losses in vegetables, beans, soybeans, peanuts, cotton, and several ornamental plants. Repeated spray applications of synthetic pesticides has led B. tabaci to develop resistance to numerous conventional insecticides, besides polluting the environment. In this work, we investigated the bioactivity of the essential oil of Pelargonium graveolens L’Her (Geraniaceae) (PG-EO) and some related monoterpenes against the sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius biotype B (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato. This oil significantly reduced the number of B. tabaci adults on tomato leaflets. The deterrence experiments showed similar results for PG-EO, geraniol, and citronellol; however, citronellol was more effective than PG-EO. In fumigation tests, the essential oil of P. graveolens caused 100 % mortality of adults of B. tabaci biotype B at concentrations from 0.5 μL L−1 in air. The vapor toxicity of geraniol, linalool, and citronellol, the main chemical constituents of the essential oil of P. graveolens (PG-EO), was similar to that of PG-EO. These results suggest that PG-EO and its related monoterpenes are potentially applicable to develop effective natural product-based pest-management compounds.


Repellence Deterrence Fumigant Botanical pesticide 



The authors thank the Brazilian Foundations FAPESP (Proc. 2007/54241-8 and 2007/50688-8) for financial support, and CNPq for fellowships.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edson L. L. Baldin
    • 1
  • Gabriela P. Aguiar
    • 2
  • Thiago L. M. Fanela
    • 1
  • Muriel C. E. Soares
    • 1
  • Milton Groppo
    • 3
  • Antônio E. M. Crotti
    • 4
  1. 1.Departamento de Proteção Vegetal, Faculdade de Ciências AgronômicasUniversidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita FilhoBotucatuBrazil
  2. 2.Núcleo de Pesquisas em Ciências Exatas e TecnológicasUniversidade de FrancaFrancaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de QuímicaFaculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil

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