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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 86, Issue 4, pp 635–647 | Cite as

Natural enemies of the South American moth, Tuta absoluta, in Europe, North Africa and Middle East, and their potential use in pest control strategies

  • Lucia Zappalà
  • Antonio Biondi
  • Alberto Alma
  • Ibrahim J. Al-Jboory
  • Judit Arnò
  • Ahmet Bayram
  • Anaïs Chailleux
  • Ashraf El-Arnaouty
  • Dan Gerling
  • Yamina Guenaoui
  • Liora Shaltiel-Harpaz
  • Gaetano Siscaro
  • Menelaos Stavrinides
  • Luciana Tavella
  • Rosa Vercher Aznar
  • Alberto Urbaneja
  • Nicolas DesneuxEmail author
Rapid Communication

Abstract

The South American tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is an invasive Neotropical pest. After its first detection in Europe, it rapidly invaded more than 30 Western Palaearctic countries becoming a serious agricultural threat to tomato production in both protected and open-field crops. Among the pest control tactics against exotic pests, biological control using indigenous natural enemies is one of the most promising. Here, available data on the Afro-Eurasian natural enemies of T. absoluta are compiled. Then, their potential for inclusion in sustainable pest control packages is discussed providing relevant examples. Collections were conducted in 12 countries, both in open-field and protected susceptible crops, as well as in wild flora and/or using infested sentinel plants. More than 70 arthropod species, 20 % predators and 80 % parasitoids, were recorded attacking the new pest so far. Among the recovered indigenous natural enemies, only few parasitoid species, namely, some eulophid and braconid wasps, and especially mirid predators, have promising potential to be included in effective and environmentally friendly management strategies for the pest in the newly invaded areas. Finally, a brief outlook of the future research and applications of indigenous T. absoluta biological control agents are provided.

Keywords

Biological control Generalist predators Integrated pest management Invasive species Parasitoid community Western Palaearctic 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia Zappalà
    • 1
  • Antonio Biondi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alberto Alma
    • 3
  • Ibrahim J. Al-Jboory
    • 4
  • Judit Arnò
    • 5
  • Ahmet Bayram
    • 6
  • Anaïs Chailleux
    • 2
  • Ashraf El-Arnaouty
    • 7
  • Dan Gerling
    • 8
  • Yamina Guenaoui
    • 9
  • Liora Shaltiel-Harpaz
    • 10
  • Gaetano Siscaro
    • 1
  • Menelaos Stavrinides
    • 11
  • Luciana Tavella
    • 3
  • Rosa Vercher Aznar
    • 12
  • Alberto Urbaneja
    • 13
  • Nicolas Desneux
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Agri-food and Environmental Systems ManagementUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA)Sophia-AntipolisFrance
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari (DISAFA)University of TorinoGrugliascoItaly
  4. 4.Department of Plant ProtectionsUniversity of BaghdadAbu GhraibIraq
  5. 5.Department of EntomologyIRTACabrilsSpain
  6. 6.Plant Protection Department, Agriculture FacultyDicle UniversityDiyarbakirTurkey
  7. 7.Department of Economic Entomology and PesticidesCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  8. 8.Department of ZoologyTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  9. 9.Department of AgronomyUniversity Ibn Badis of MostaganemMostaganemAlgeria
  10. 10.Northern R&DMigal–Galilee Research InstituteKiryat ShmonaIsrael
  11. 11.Department of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology and Food ScienceCyprus University of TechnologyLimassolCyprus
  12. 12.Instituto Agroforestal del Mediterráneo (IAM)Universitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  13. 13.Departamento de Entomología, Centro de Protección VegetalInstituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA)MoncadaSpain

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