“Avoiding or approaching eyes”? Introversion/extraversion affects the gaze-cueing effect
- 1.5k Downloads
We investigated whether the extra-/introversion personality dimension can influence processing of others’ eye gaze direction and emotional facial expression during a target detection task. On the basis of previous evidence showing that self-reported trait anxiety can affect gaze-cueing with emotional faces, we also verified whether trait anxiety can modulate the influence of intro-/extraversion on behavioral performance. Fearful, happy, angry or neutral faces, with either direct or averted gaze, were presented before the target appeared in spatial locations congruent or incongruent with stimuli’s eye gaze direction. Results showed a significant influence of intra-/extraversion dimension on gaze-cueing effect for angry, happy, and neutral faces with averted gaze. Introverts did not show the gaze congruency effect when viewing angry expressions, but did so with happy and neutral faces; extraverts showed the opposite pattern. Importantly, the influence of intro-/extraversion on gaze-cueing was not mediated by trait anxiety. These findings demonstrated that personality differences can shape processing of interactions between relevant social signals.
KeywordsEmotional facial expressions Gaze-cueing Personality Introversion and extraversion Attention
- Bayliss AP, di Pellegrino G, Tipper SP (2005) Sex differences in eye gaze and symbolic cueing of attention. Q J Exp Psychol 58:631–650Google Scholar
- Ekman P, Friesen WV (1976) Pictures of facial affect series. Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, CAGoogle Scholar
- Eysenck HJ (1967) The biological basis of personality. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, ILGoogle Scholar
- Spielberg CD, Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE (1970) Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (self-evaluation questionnaire). Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, CA (Italian ed. 1989)Google Scholar