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Strain-Rate-Dependent In-Plane Compressive Properties of 3D Fine Weave Pierced C/C Composite: Failure Mechanism and Constitutive Model


In-plane compression experiments are performed on 3D fine weave pierced C/C composite at a wide strain rate range of 0.0001/s–1000/s. The in-plane compressive failure mechanism of the composite at quasi-static and high strain rates is analyzed by a scanning electron microscope. The results show that the in-plane compressive modulus, maximum stress and the corresponding strain increase with increasing strain rate. The quasi-static in-plane compressive failure mode of the 3D fine weave pierced C/C composite is characterized by the shear failure at the angle of \(45^{\circ }\) and the local buckling of the x-direction fiber bundles. In comparison, the high strain rate in-plane compression failure mode of the composite is characterized by the compressive fracture of the interlaminar matrix and the progressive compression failure of the x-direction fiber bundles. A strain-rate-dependent in-plane compressive constitutive model is proposed to predict the dynamic in-plane compressive response of the composite. The proposed constitutive model is verified by experimental data.

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This paper is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11802059, 11572086), the Jiangsu Natural Science Foundation (BK20170656, BK20170022) and the Zhishan Youth Scholar Program of Southeast University. Author NG thanks the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department at NYU for providing facilities and support.

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Correspondence to Qingguo Fei.

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Guo, F., Fei, Q., Li, Y. et al. Strain-Rate-Dependent In-Plane Compressive Properties of 3D Fine Weave Pierced C/C Composite: Failure Mechanism and Constitutive Model. Acta Mech. Solida Sin. (2021).

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  • C/C composite
  • Compression
  • Failure mechanism
  • Constitutive model