Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 86–94 | Cite as

A multi-coupled finite element analysis of Resistance Spot Welding process

  • Zhigang Hou
  • Yuanxun Wang
  • Chunzhi Li
  • Chuanyao Chen


A two-dimensional axisymmetric finite element model is developed to analyze the transient thermal and mechanical behaviors of the Resistance Spot Welding (RSW) process using commercial software ANSYS. Firstly a direct-coupled electrical-thermal Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is performed to analyze the transient thermal characteristics of the RSW process. Then based on the thermal results a sequential coupled thermo-elastic-plastic analysis is conducted to determine the mechanical features of the RSW process. The thermal history of the whole process and the temperature distribution of the weldment are obtained through the analysis. The mechanical features, including the distributions of the contact pressure at both the faying surface and the electrode-workpiece interface, the stress and strain distributions in the weldment and their changes during the RSW process, the deformation of the weldment and the electrode displacement are also calculated.

Key words

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Resistance Spot Welding (RSW) electrical-thermal coupling thermo-elastic-plastic analysis thermal behavior mechanical feature 


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and Technology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhigang Hou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuanxun Wang
    • 1
  • Chunzhi Li
    • 2
  • Chuanyao Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering and MechanicsHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Mechtronic and Automobile EngineeringYantai UniversityYantaiChina

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