Chain Conformation and Local Rigidity of Isomerized Polyimides in Dimethyl Formamide by Size Exclusion Chromatography Coupled with Multi-Detectors
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Chain conformation and local rigidity of two isomerized polyimides (PIs), poly(6FDA/3,3′-DMB) and poly(6FDA/2,2′-DMB) in dimethyl formamide (DMF) with either 0.1 M LiBr or 3.1 mM tetrabutylammonium bromide at 35 °C, are investigated. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled with multi-angle laser light scattering detector, viscometer, and differential refractive index detector was used. The scaling exponents α and ν related to conformation are estimated from the above results. The values of α and ν for poly(6FDA/3,3′-DMB) are 0.68 ± 0.01 and 0.54–0.55 ± 0.01, respectively. The values of α and ν for poly(6FDA/2,2′-DMB) are 0.65 ± 0.02 and 0.55 ± 0.01, respectively, which indicate that both PIs in DMF have a random coil conformation. In particular, poly(6FDA/3,3′-DMB) exhibits more extended conformation than that of poly(6FDA/2,2′-DMB). Parameters related to chain flexibility of polymers, including persistence length l p, shift factor M L (relative molecular weight per unit contour length), and backbone diameter d are evaluated from the relationship between intrinsic viscosity and molecular weight based on the wormlike continuous cylinder model. The three parameters (l p, M L, and d) indicate that the two samples are flexible chains with local rigidity, and poly(6FDA/3,3′-DMB) is slightly stiffer than poly(6FDA/2,2′-DMB). In addition, influence of salt types on the parameters is also discussed.
KeywordsSize exclusion chromatography Chain conformation Isomerized polyimide Local rigidity Persistence length Wormlike chain
We thank the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (General: 20674085, Innovation Group: 50921062).
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