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Comparative analysis of SINC-shaped and SLR pulses performance for contiguous multi-slice fast spin-echo imaging using metamaterial-based MRI

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Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine Aims and scope Submit manuscript



To comparatively assess the performance of highly selective pulses computed with the SLR algorithm in fast-spin echo (FSE) within the current radiofrequency safety limits using a metamaterial-based coil for wrist magnetic resonance imaging.


Apodized SINC pulses commonly used for clinical FSE sequences were considered as a reference. Selective SLR pulses with a time-bandwidth product of four were constructed in the MATPULSE program. Slice selection profiles in conventional T1-weighted and PD-weighted FSE wrist imaging pulse sequences were modeled using a Bloch equations simulator. Signal evolution was assessed in three samples with relaxation times equivalent to those in musculoskeletal tissues at 1.5T. Regular and SLR-based FSE pulse sequences were tested in a phantom experiment in a multi-slice mode with different gaps between slices and the direct saturation effect was investigated.


As compared to the regular FSEs with a conventional transmit coil, combining the utilization of the metadevice with SLR-based FSEs provided a 23 times lower energy deposition in a duty cycle. When the slice gap was decreased from 100 to 0%, the “slice cross-talk” effect reduced the signal intensity by 15.9–17.6% in the SLR-based and by 22.9–32.3% in the regular T1-weighted FSE; and by 0.0–6.4% in the SLR-based and by 0.3–9.3% in the regular PD-weighted FSE.

Discussion and conclusion

SLR-based FSE together with the metadevice allowed to increase the slice selectivity while still being within the safe SAR limits. The “slice cross-talk” effects were conditioned by the number of echoes in the echo train, the repetition time, and T1 relaxation times. The approach was more beneficial for T1-weighted SLR-based FSE as compared to PD-weighted. The combination of the metadevice and SLR-based FSE offers a promising alternative for MR investigations that require scanning in a “Low-SAR” regime such as those for children, pregnant women, and patients with implanted devices.

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This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (075-15-2021-592). EAB acknowledges the support received under the Ostrogradsky Programme of the French Embassy in Russia.

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Study conception and design: AEA. Acquisition of data: SR, EAB. Analysis and interpretation of data: EAB, SR. Drafting of manuscript: EAB. Critical revision: DB, AEA.

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Correspondence to Ekaterina A. Brui.

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Brui, E.A., Rapacchi, S., Bendahan, D. et al. Comparative analysis of SINC-shaped and SLR pulses performance for contiguous multi-slice fast spin-echo imaging using metamaterial-based MRI. Magn Reson Mater Phy 34, 929–938 (2021).

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