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Incorporation of image data from a previous examination in 3D serial MR imaging

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Abstract

Object

We aimed to demonstrate that follow-up scans in longitudinal examinations can be significantly accelerated by using images from previous scans as priors for constrained reconstruction.

Materials and methods

In this work, we propose a method for incorporating a prior image to improve the reconstruction of a new acquisition with considerable k-space undersampling, which contains a two-level registration scheme with non-parametric transformation, an adaptive synthesis procedure, and a constrained reconstruction with weighted total variation constraint. The performance of the method is evaluated using simulations, as well as results from volunteer and patient examinations.

Results

In vivo experiments with both volunteers and patients show that incorporating a prior image into the constrained reconstruction produces many fewer reconstruction errors compared to the conventional reconstruction using only the highly undersampled k-space data.

Conclusion

The redundant information in the prior image can be efficiently adopted to improve the reconstruction quality of the new acquisition. When maintaining the image quality, higher acceleration can be achieved with the incorporation of the prior image.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank Irina Mader and Hansjörg Mast for providing the patient data sets. The authors thank Benjamin Knowles for his help with the manuscript and journal referees for their helpful comments. The work was supported in part by Siemens Healthcare.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

All patient and volunteer studies and the use of the data in this work have been approved by the Ethics Committee at the University Medical Center and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

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Correspondence to Guobin Li.

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Li, G., Hennig, J., Raithel, E. et al. Incorporation of image data from a previous examination in 3D serial MR imaging. Magn Reson Mater Phy 28, 413–425 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10334-014-0478-8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10334-014-0478-8

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