, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 159–166 | Cite as

Effects of vegetation type on habitat use by crop-raiding Japanese macaques during a food-scarce season

  • Aya YamadaEmail author
  • Yasuyuki Muroyama
Original Article


Habitat use by crop-raiding Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) was studied in western Japan from December 2005 to February 2006, a food-scarce season. To examine how different vegetation types affect habitat use by monkeys, two crop-raiding troops were compared: the first troop inhabited a habitat involving more wild food resources; the second troop inhabited a habitat providing fewer wild food resources. It was hypothesized that monkeys living in the habitat with fewer wild food resources are more likely to utilize human settlements and areas around them (i.e. adjacent zones), with a dependence on crop foods. Comparisons of observed and expected habitat use frequencies showed that the first troop selected evergreen broad-leaved forests and conifer plantations, and avoided adjacent zones, rice fields, and golf courses. The second troop selected adjacent zones and avoided conifer plantations, pine forests, and deciduous broad-leaved forests. Both troops moved rapidly in avoided habitat types. These results suggest that monkeys living in the habitat with fewer wild food resources are more likely to utilize areas around human settlements during a food-scarce season.


Habitat selection Home range Travel speed Macaca fuscata 



We are grateful to the city offices of Kameyama, Suzuka, Nabari, and Uda, and to the local residents who cooperated with our study. We thank the members of Seminar on Ecology and Social Behavior at Primate Research Institute for their valuable comments. We are very thankful to David Sprague, Naoki Agetsuma, and one anonymous reviewer for their invaluable comments to improve the manuscript. The research and care of monkeys followed the Guideline for Field Research of Non-human Primates of Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University. This study was financed by the Twenty-first Century COE Program, Kyoto University and Grand-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) 18580268.


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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre and Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityInuyama CityJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Nature and Environmental ScienceUniversity of Hyogo and Wildlife Management Research CenterHyogoJapan

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