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Journal of General Plant Pathology

, Volume 84, Issue 3, pp 208–220 | Cite as

The virus causing passionfruit woodiness disease in Taiwan is reclassified as East Asian passiflora virus

  • Yee-Hang Chong
  • Ying-Huey Cheng
  • Hao-Wen Cheng
  • Ying-Chih Huang
  • Shyi-Dong Yeh
Viral and Viroid Diseases

Abstract

Based on filamentous particles, aphid transmission, and symptoms of distorted, size-reduced, woody fruits, the major potyvirus associated with passionfruit woodiness disease (PWD) in Taiwan has been regarded as Passionfruit woodiness virus (PWV) for decades. In this study, the genomes of four potyvirus isolates, originally collected from orchards with PWD in Taiwan and re-designated as Poty-TW, Poty-0920-6, Poty-dpd and Poty-pt, were sequenced for molecular characterization. Our results revealed that the CP genes of Poty-TW and Poty-0920-6 share nucleotide (nt) identities/amino acid (aa) identities of 97.7/95.9 and 98.5/97.2%, respectively, with that of East Asian passiflora virus (EAPV) isolate AO of Japan, and the CP genes of Poty-dpd and Poty-pt share nt/aa identities of 95.3/96.2 and 94.9/97.6% respectively, with that of EAPV isolate IB of Japan. The genomic sequences of PWD-associate viruses in Taiwan also share high degrees of homology with that of EAPV-AO (TW and 0920-6 isolates > 98%) and EAPV-IB (dpd and pt isolates > 88%). However, the CP genes of four PWD-associated viruses from Taiwan share only 67.6–69.4% nt identities with that of PWV Australia MU isolate, does not satisfy the ICTV criteria (> 76%) to be regarded as a strain of PWV. A field survey with 175 samples from different areas of Taiwan demonstrated that the PWD-associated potyvirus is mainly caused by EAPV. Hence, our results indicate that the major potyvirus causing PWD in Taiwan should be reclassified as EAPV.

Keywords

Passionfruit East Asian passiflora virus Passionfruit woodiness virus Potyvirus Phylogenetic analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was partially supported by Taiwan and National Chung Hsing University–University of California Davis (NCHU-UCD) Plant and Food Biotechnology programs (Project no. NSC104-2911-I-005-301), and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan (Project no. 104-2313-B-005-024-MY3).

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan, Republic of China
  2. 2.Plant Pathology DivisionAgricultural Research InstituteTaichungTaiwan, Republic of China

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