Water-assisted synthesis of shape-specific BiOCl nanoflowers with enhanced adsorption and photosensitized degradation of rhodamine B

  • Xianlong Zhang
  • Long Yuan
  • Fengbing Liang
  • Dong An
  • Zhen Chen
  • Dexin FengEmail author
  • Mo Xian
Original Paper


Semiconductor photocatalysis is a sustainable and advanced method for depollution and energy shortage, yet efficient photocatalysts have to be synthesized. For instance, BiOCl is a promising photocatalyst, but its efficiency is largely dependent on morphology. In particular, there is a need for simple synthesis procedures and easily controllable facet exposure. Here, nanosheet-assembled BiOCl nanoflowers with exposed {001} facets were prepared by a rapid, efficient, water-assisted synthesis. BiOCl nanoflowers exhibited 3.3 times better adsorption and 3.5 times superior photosensitized degradation of rhodamine B under visible light irradiation, compared with BiOCl nanosheets. These improvements are attributed to the higher exposition of the {001} facet and 3D hierarchical structure. This work offers new insights to better understand the photosensitized degradation and rational design of highly active photocatalysts.


Adsorption BiOCl (001) Nanoparticles Photocatalysis Rhodamine B Semiconductor 



The authors would like to thank the National Natural Science Foundation (21406252), DNL Cooperation Fund CAS (DNL180309), Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (2012170), Taishan Scholars (ts201712076), and Taishan Scholars Climbing Program (tspd20150210) of Shandong for the financial support of this investigation.

Supplementary material

10311_2019_929_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.9 mb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 1921 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Biobased Materials, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Dalian National Laboratory for Clean EnergyDalianChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Physics and Chemistry of the Ministry of EducationJilin Normal UniversityChangchunChina

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