Higher CO2 absorption using a new class of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) nanoparticles

  • Huiying Zhang
  • Ruiqiang Liu
  • Tangyuan Ning
  • Rattan Lal
Original Paper


With rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations globally, there is an urgent need for highly efficient CO2 capture technologies. This report introduces an innovative technology to remove CO2 of point sources using calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) nanoparticles of 10 nm. Superior to regular CO2 absorption methods, the nano-Ca(OH)2 chemically increased reactive surface area and gas retention time of the scrubbing system. Experimental data show that CO2 absorption capacity of the nano-suspension was over 8 times higher than that of the regular Ca(OH)2 particles of 2 µm in size. In addition to CO2 removal, nano-Ca(OH)2 also has high potential to treating acidic gases such as HCl, SO x , or NO x , for improving air quality and offsetting the global warming trend. This is the first study on using Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles for efficient CO2 capture.


Nanoparticle Absorption Carbon dioxide Calcium hydroxide Greenhouse gas Environmental protection 



This study was partly funded by Hechi University Start-Up Grant (XJ2015KQ006) awarded to Dr. Huiying Zhang.


  1. Arnold SL, Tubbsm RS, Arnold NS, Walker AE (2010) Automated collector of terrestrial systems used for the gathering of soil atmospheric-gas emissions. Commun Soil Sci Plant 41:638–648.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620903531201 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chelazzi D, Poggi G, Jaidar Y (2013) Hydroxide nanoparticles for cultural heritage: consolidation and protection of wall paintings and carbonate materials. J Colloid Interface Sci 392:42–49.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2012.09.069 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Daniele V, Taglieri G (2012) Synthesis of Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles with the addition of Triton X-100. Protective treatments on natural stones: preliminary results. J Cult Herit 13:40–46.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2011.05.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Danielle V, Taglieri G, Quaresima R (2008) The nanolimes in cultural heritage conservation: characterization and analysis of the carbonation process. J Cult Herit 9:294–301.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2007.10.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Darroudi M, Bagherpour M, Hosseinie HA, Ebrahimi M (2016) Biopolymer-assisted green synthesis and characterization of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles. Ceram Int 42:3816–3819.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.11.045 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dasgupta N, Ranjan S, Ramalingam C (2017) Applications of nanotechnology in agriculture and water quality management. Environ Chem Lett 15:591–605.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-017-0648-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dei L, Salvadori B (2006) Nanotechnology in cultural heritage conservation: nanometric slaked lime saves architectonic and artistic surfaces from decay. J Cult Herit 7:110–115.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2006.02.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dorozhkin SV (2001) Is there a chemical interaction between calcium phosphates and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) in organic/inorganic composites? J Biomed Mater Res 54:247–255.  https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4636(200102)54:23.0.CO;2-G CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fratini E, Page MG, Giorgi R, Cölfen H, Baglioni P, Demé B, Zemb T (2007) Competitive surface absorption of solvent molecules and compactness of agglomeration in calcium hydroxide nanoparticles. Langmuir 23(5):2330–2338.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la062023i CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Giorgi R, Chelazzi D, Baglioni P (2005) Nanoparticles of calcium hydroxide for wood conservation. The deacidification of the Vasa warship. Langmuir 21:10743–10748.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la0506731 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Joo SH, Zhao D (2008) Destruction of lindane and atrazine using stabilized iron nanoparticles under aerobic and anaerobic conditions: effects of catalyst and stabilizer. Chemosphere 70:418–425.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.06.070 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kumar P, Faujdar E, Singh RK, Paul S, Kukrety A, Chhibber VK, Ray SS (2018) High CO2 absorption of O-carboxymethylchitosan synthesised from chitosan. Environ Chem Lett.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-018-0713-z Google Scholar
  13. Lal R (2004) Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science 304:1623–1627.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1097396 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lal R (2015) Cover cropping and the “4 per Thousand” proposal. J Soil Water Conserv 70(6):141A.  https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.70.6.141A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Liu R, Lal R (2014) Synthetic apatite nanoparticles as a phosphorus fertilizer for soybean (Glycine max). Sci Rep 4:5686.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep05686 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu R, Lal R (2015) Effects of molecular weight and concentration of carboxymethyl cellulose on morphology of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles as prepared with one-step wet chemical method. Front Environ Sci Eng Chin 9(5):804–812.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-015-0785-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nag SK, Liu R, Lal R (2017) Emission of greenhouse gases and soil carbon sequestration in a riparian marsh wetland in central Ohio. Environ Monit Assess 189:580–591.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6276-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Poggi G, Toccafondi N, Chelazzi D, Canton P, Giorgi R, Baglioni P (2016) Calcium hydroxide nanoparticles from solvothermal reaction for the deacidification of degraded waterlogged wood. J Colloid Interface Sci 473:1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2016.03.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rodriguez-Navarro C, Suzuki A, Ruiz-Agudo E (2013) Alcohol dispersions of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles for stone conservation. Langmuir 29:11457–11470.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la4017728 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rodriguez-Navarro C, Vettori I, Ruiz-Agudo E (2016) Kinetics and mechanism of calcium hydroxide conversion into calcium alkoxides: implications in heritage conservation using nanolimes. Langmuir 32:5183–5194.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b01065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rodriguez-Navarro C, Ruiz-Agudo E, Burgos-Cara A, Elert K, Hansen EF (2017) Crystallization and colloidal stabilization of Ca(OH)2 in the presence of Nopal juice (Opuntia ficus indica): implications in architectural heritage conservation. Langmuir 33:10936–10950.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02423 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sequeira S, Casanova C, Cabrita EJ (2006) Deacidification of paper using dispersions of Ca(OH)2 nanoparticles in isopropanol. Study of efficiency. J Cult Herit 7:264–272.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2006.04.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sequeira OS, Laia CAT, Phillips AJL, Cabrita EJ, Macedo NF (2017) Clotrimazole and calcium hydroxide nanoparticles: a low toxicity antifungal alternative for paper conservation. J Cult Herit 24:45–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2016.12.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Si S, Kotal A, Mandal TK, Giri S, Nakamura H, Kohara T (2004) Size-controlled synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles in the presence of polyelectrolytes. Chem Mater 16:3489–3496.  https://doi.org/10.1021/cm049205n CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Su TM, Qin ZZ, Ji HB, Jiang YX, Huang G (2016) Recent advances in the photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide. Environ Chem Lett 14:99–112.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-015-0528-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tang SCN, Lo IMC (2013) Magnetic nanoparticles: essential factors for sustainable environmental applications. Water Res 47(8):2613–2632.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2013.02.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zhou H, Han J, Baig SA, Xu X (2011) Dechlorination of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by sodium carboxymethyl cellulose-stabilized Pd/Fe nanoparticles. J Hazard Mater 198:7–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.10.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical and Biological EngineeringHechi UniversityYizhou, GuangxiChina
  2. 2.Carbon Management and Sequestration Center (C-MASC), School of Environment and Natural ResourcesThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Crop BiologyShandong Agricultural UniversityTai’anChina

Personalised recommendations