Easier removal of nonylphenol and naphthalene pollutants in wet weather revealed by Markov chains modeling

Original Paper


The distribution and fate of organic pollutants determines pollution control strategies and definition of environmental standards. So far, few models predict accurately the fate of organic pollutants. Therefore, here we tested the Markov chains model to simulate the distribution and fate of nonylphenol and naphthalene in the aquatic environment. Results show that the removal of nonylphenol and naphthalene from the water/sediment system is higher in the wet season and lower in the dry season. Due to its hydrophilic hydroxyl group, nonylphenol remains in water, whereas naphthalene, being more hydrophobic, accumulates in the sediment. Results of Markov chains modeling perfectly matched results from microcosm experiments.


Persistent organic pollutants Aquatic environment Seasonality Fate Markov chains 



This work was supported by the National Major Program of Water Pollution Control and Treatment Technology of China [2014ZX07201011] and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [No. 2412016KJ046] and the Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities [B16011].


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Natural Disaster Research, School of EnvironmentNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory for Vegetation EcologyMinistry of EducationChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Vegetation RestorationNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Resources and Environmental EngineeringJilin Institute of Chemical TechnologyJilinPeople’s Republic of China

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