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Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 821–844 | Cite as

Synthesis of magnetic carbon nanocomposites by hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis

  • M. T. H. Siddiqui
  • Sabzoi Nizamuddin
  • Humair Ahmed Baloch
  • N. M. Mubarak
  • Deepa K. Dumbre
  • Inamuddin
  • Abdullah M. Asiri
  • A. W. Bhutto
  • Madapusi Srinivasan
  • G. J. Griffin
Review
  • 185 Downloads

Abstract

The fabrication of magnetic carbon nanostructures is emerging to develop composites with unique properties. Consolidating magnetic nanoparticles with carbon materials can be used in nanoelectronics, catalysis, optical application, biosensors, environmental remediation, energy, hydrogen storage, drug transport, magnetic resonance imaging and cancer diagnosis. In addition, thermochemical methods such as hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis are low energy processes that offer an efficient synthesis of the controlled morphology of magnetic carbon nanocomposite. These methods provide chemical and morphological improvements of the structure, such as high surface area, ordered nanosizes, crystal matrix, material stability, electrical conductivity, magnetic saturation and coercivity. This paper reviews the fabrication and properties of magnetic carbon nanocomposites.

Keywords

Magnetic carbon nanocomposite Hydrothermal carbonization Pyrolysis Distinctive chemical properties Applications of nanocomposite 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and ScienceCurtin UniversityMiriMalaysia
  3. 3.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Centre of Excellence for Advanced Materials ResearchKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Advanced Functional Materials Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  6. 6.Department of Chemical EngineeringDawood University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachiPakistan

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