Removal of heavy metals by leaves-derived biosorbents

Abstract

Among various remediation technologies, biosorption is promising for the removal of heavy metals from water and wastewater, since in many cases, it is fast, selective, and with elevated efficiency. Other advantages such as applicability against various types of pollutants, simplicity, low cost and ease of operation, as well as the reusability potential of the adsorbents, make it beneficial. Nowadays, more green materials, raw or modified, are explored instead of conventional adsorbents, within the concept of ‘Green Chemistry’. This review focuses on the use of leaves-based biosorbents in raw or modified forms to sequestrate heavy metals from waters and wastewaters. It can be concluded that: (1) chemical modifications led to a satisfactory improvement of the removal capability of leaf-based adsorbents, (2) the maximum monolayer adsorption, obtained from Langmuir isotherm, ranged between 3.9–300 and 7.8–345 mg/g for raw and modified leaf biosorbents, respectively, (3) in most cases the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic model gave the best fit, (4) thermodynamic studies showed that the adsorption was in all studied cases spontaneous and mainly endothermic with increased randomness at the solid–liquid interface during adsorption, and (5) an enthalpy–entropy compensation effect was observed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Abdelwahab O, Fouad YO, Amin NK, Mandorb H (2015) Kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of cadmium adsorption onto raw and activated guava (Psidium guajava) leaves. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 34:351–358. https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.11991

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Abedi S, Zavvar Mousavi H, Asghari A (2016) Investigation of heavy metal ions adsorption by magnetically modified aloe vera leaves ash based on equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Desalin Water Treat 57:13747–13759. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1060536

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Al-Rmalli SW, Dahmani AA, Abuein MM, Gleza AA (2008) Biosorption of mercury from aqueous solutions by powdered leaves of castor tree (Ricinus communis L.). J Hazard Mater 152:955–959. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.07.111

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Anastopoulos I, Kyzas GZ (2014) Agricultural peels for dye adsorption: a review of recent literature. J Mol Liq 200:381–389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2014.11.006

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Anastopoulos I et al (2018) Leaf biosorbents for the removal of heavy metals. In: Crini G, Lichtfouse E (eds) Green adsorbents for pollutant removal. Environmental chemistry for a sustainable world, vol 19. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92162-4_3

    Google Scholar 

  6. Arampatzidou AC, Deliyanni EA (2016) Comparison of activation media and pyrolysis temperature for activated carbons development by pyrolysis of potato peels for effective adsorption of endocrine disruptor bisphenol-A. J Colloid Interface Sci 466:101–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2015.12.003

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Arcibar-Orozco JA, Rangel-Mendez JR, Diaz-Flores PE (2014) Simultaneous adsorption of Pb(Ii)-Cd(Ii), Pb(Ii)-phenol, and Cd(Ii)-phenol by activated carbon cloth in aqueous solution. Water Air Soil Pollut 226:1–10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-014-2197-1

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Benaïssa H (2006) Screening of new sorbent materials for cadmium removal from aqueous solutions. J Hazard Mater 132:189–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.07.085

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Bhattacharyya KG, Sharma A (2004) Adsorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder. J Hazard Mater 113:97–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2004.05.034

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Çekim M, Yildiz S, Dere T (2015) Biosorption of copper from synthetic waters by using tobacco leaf: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic tests. J Environ Eng Landsc 23:172–182. https://doi.org/10.3846/16486897.2015.1050398

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Chakravarty S, Mohanty A, Sudha TN, Upadhyay AK, Konar J, Sircar JK, Madhukar A, Gupta KK (2010) Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solution by adsorption using bael leaves (Aegle marmelos). J Hazard Mater 173:502–509. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.113

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Chen H, Zhao J, Dai G, Wu J, Yan H (2010) Adsorption characteristics of Pb(II) from aqueous solution onto a natural biosorbent, fallen Cinnamomum camphora leaves. Desalination 262:174–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.06.006

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Cheraghi E, Ameri E, Moheb A (2015) Adsorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions using sesame as a low-cost biosorbent: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:2579–2592. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-015-0812-3

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Dabbagh R, Ashtiani Moghaddam Z, Ghafourian H (2016) Removal of cobalt(II) ion from water by adsorption using intact and modified Ficus carica leaves as low-cost natural sorbent. Desalin Water Treat 57:19890–19902. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1103311

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Deliyanni E, Bandosz TJ (2011) Importance of carbon surface chemistry in development of iron-carbon composite adsorbents for arsenate removal. J Hazard Mater 186:667–674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.055

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Deliyanni EA, Kyzas GZ, Triantafyllidis KS, Matis KA (2015) Activated carbons for the removal of heavy metal ions: a systematic review of recent literature focused on lead and arsenic ions. Open Chem. 13:699–708. https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0087

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Dimiropoulos V, Katsoyiannis IA, Zouboulis AI, Noli F, Simeonidis K, Mitrakas M (2015) Enhanced U(VI) removal from drinking water by nanostructured binary Fe/Mn oxy-hydroxides. J Water Process Eng 7:227–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2015.06.014

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Edokpayi JN, Odiyo JO, Msagati TAM, Popoola EO (2015) A novel approach for the removal of lead(II) ion from wastewater using mucilaginous leaves of Diceriocaryum eriocarpum plant. Sustainability 7:14026–14041. https://doi.org/10.3390/su71014026

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. El-Gendy AA, Mohamed SH, Abd-Elkader AH (2013) Ion exchanger from chemically modified banana leaves. Carbohydr Polym 96:481–486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.04.031

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. El-Sayed M, Nada AA (2017) Polyethylenimine −functionalized amorphous carbon fabricated from oil palm leaves as a novel adsorbent for Cr(VI) and Pb(II) from aqueous solution. J Water Process Eng 16:296–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2017.02.012

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Fadzil F, Ibrahim S, Hanafiah MAKM (2016) Adsorption of lead(II) onto organic acid modified rubber leaf powder: batch and column studies. Process Saf Environ Prot 100:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2015.12.001

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Gallios GP, Tolkou AK, Katsoyiannis IA, Stefusova K, Vaclavikova M, Deliyanni EA (2017) Adsorption of arsenate by nano scaled activated carbon modified by iron and manganese oxides. Sustainability 9:1–18. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9101684

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Ghosh A, Das P, Sinha K (2015) Modeling of biosorption of Cu(II) by alkali-modified spent tea leaves using response surface methodology (RSM) and artificial neural network (ANN). Appl Water Sci 5:191–199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0180-z

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Giannakoudakis DA, Kyzas GZ, Avranas A, Lazaridis NK (2016) Multi-parametric adsorption effects of the reactive dye removal with commercial activated carbons. J Mol Liq 213:381–389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2015.07.010

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  25. Giannakoudakis DA, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Tsafrakidou P, Triantafyllidis KS, Kornaros M, Anastopoulos I (2018) Aloe vera waste biomass-based adsorbents for the removal of aquatic pollutants: a review. J Environ Manage 227:354–364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.08.064

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. Gröhlich A, Langer M, Mitrakas M, Zouboulis A, Katsoyiannis I, Ernst M (2017) Effect of organic matter on Cr(VI) removal from groundwaters by Fe(II) reductive precipitation for groundwater treatment. Water (Switzerland) 9:389. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9060389

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Gutha Y, Munagapati VS, Naushad M, Abburi K (2015) Removal of Ni(II) from aqueous solution by Lycopersicum esculentum (Tomato) leaf powder as a low-cost biosorbent. Desalin Water Treat 54:200–208. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.880160

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Hymavathi D, Prabhakar G (2017) Optimization, equilibrium, and kinetic studies of adsorptive removal of cobalt(II) from aqueous solutions using Cocos nucifera L. Chem Eng Commun 204:1094–1104. https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2017.1338570

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Jayaraman U (2015) Green sorption–an assessment of modified Michelia Champaca leaves in chromium removal from aqueous solutions. Int J Chemtech Res 8:501–507

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Jorgetto ADO, Da Silva ACP, Wondracek MHP, Silva RIV, Velini ED, Saeki MJ, Pedrosa VA, Castro GR (2015) Multilayer adsorption of Cu(II) and Cd(II) over Brazilian Orchid Tree (Pata-de-vaca) and its adsorptive properties. Appl Surf Sci 345:81–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.03.142

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  31. Joshi J, Sahu O (2014) Adsorption of heavy metals by biomass. J Appl Environ Microbiol 2:23–27. https://doi.org/10.12691/jaem-2-1-5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Kamal MHMA, Azira WMKWK, Kasmawati M, Haslizaidi Z, Saime WNW (2010) Sequestration of toxic Pb(II) ions by chemically treated rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) leaf powder. J Environ Sci 22:248–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60101-7

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  33. Kamar FH, Nechifor AC, Nechifor G, Al-Musawi TJ, Mohammed AH (2017) Aqueous Phase Biosorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) onto cabbage leaves Powder. Int J Chem React Eng 15:1–13. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2015-0178

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Kaprara E, Simeonidis K, Zouboulis A, Mitrakas M (2016) Rapid small-scale column tests for Cr(VI) removal by granular magnetite. Water Sci Technol Water Supply 16:525–532. https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2015.164

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Khalir WM, Azira WK, Hanafiah M, Kamal MA, So’ad M, Zaiton S, Ngah W, Saime W, Majid A, Azran Z (2012) Batch, column and thermodynamic of Pb(II) adsorption on xanthated rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) leaf powder. J Appl Sci 12:1142–1147. https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2012.1142.1147

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. King P, Rakesh N, Beenalahari S, Kumar YP, Prasad VSRK (2007) Removal of lead from aqueous solution using Syzygium cumini L.: equilibrium and kinetic studies. J Hazard Mater 142:340–347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.08.027

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. Kumar YP, King P, Prasad VSRK (2006a) Equilibrium and kinetic studies for the biosorption system of copper(II) ion from aqueous solution using Tectona grandis L.f. leaves powder. J Hazard Mater B 137:1211–1217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.04.006

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. Kumar YP, King P, Prasad VSRK (2006b) Zinc biosorption on Tectona grandis L.f. leaves biomass: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Chem Eng J 124:63–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.07.010

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  39. Kuppusamy S, Thavamani P, Megharaj M, Venkateswarlu K, Lee YB, Naidu R (2016) Potential of Melaleuca diosmifolia leaf as a low-cost adsorbent for hexavalent chromium removal from contaminated water bodies. Process Saf Environ 100:173–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2016.01.009

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  40. Kyzas GZ, Kostoglou M (2014) Green adsorbents for wastewaters: a critical review. Materials (Basel) 7:333–364. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma7010333

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. Kyzas GZ, Deliyanni EA, Matis KA (2016) Activated carbons produced by pyrolysis of waste potato peels: cobalt ions removal by adsorption. Colloids Surfaces A Physicochem Eng Asp 490:74–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2015.11.038

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  42. Li Z, Teng TT, Alkarkhi AFM, Rafatullah M, Low LW (2013) Chemical Modification of Imperata cylindrica Leaf powder for heavy metal ion adsorption. Water Air Soil Pollut 224:1505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-013-1505-5

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  43. Liang S, Ye N, Hu Y, Shi Y, Zhang W, Yu W, Wu X, Yang J (2016) Lead adsorption from aqueous solutions by a granular adsorbent prepared from phoenix tree leaves. RSC Adv 6:25393–25400. https://doi.org/10.1039/C6RA03258C

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  44. Madala S, Mudumala VNR, Vudagandla S, Abburi K (2015) Modified leaf biomass for Pb(II) removal from aqueous solution: application of response surface methodology. Ecol Eng 83:218–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.06.025

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Mahmoud AED, Fawzy M, Radwan A (2016) Optimization of Cadmium (Cd2+) removal from aqueous solutions by novel biosorbent. Int J Phytoremediation 18:619–625. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2015.1086305

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. Makeswari M, Santhi T (2014) Use of Ricinus communis leaves as a low-cost adsorbent for removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution. Res Chem Intermediat 40:1157–1177. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-013-1029-z

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  47. Malik R, Lata S, Singhal S (2015) Removal Of Heavy metal from wastewater by the use of modified Aloe Vera leaf powder. Int J of Basic and App Chem Sci 5:6–17

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  48. Meseguer VF, Ortuño JF, Aguilar MI, Pinzón-Bedoya ML, Lloréns M, Sáez J, Pérez-Marín AB (2016) Biosorption of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by natural and modified non-living leaves of Posidonia oceanica. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:24032–24046. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7625-x

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  49. Michalak I, Chojnacka K, Witek-Krowiak A (2013) State of the art for the biosorption process - a review. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 170:1389–1416. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0269-0

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  50. Mohammed AA, Abed FI, Al-Musawi TJ (2016) Biosorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by spent black tea leaves and separation by flotation. Desalin Water Treat 57:2028–2039. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.982194

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  51. Mondal DK, Nandi BK, Purkait MK (2013) Removal of mercury (II) from aqueous solution using bamboo leaf powder: equilibrium, thermodynamic and kinetic studies. J Environ Chem Eng 1:891–898. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.07.034

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  52. Mudhoo A, Garg VK, Wang S (2012) Removal of heavy metals by biosorption. Environ Chem Lett 10:109–117. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-011-0342-2

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  53. Nag S, Mondal A, Mishra U, Bar N, Das SK (2015) Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions using rubber leaf powder: batch and column studies. Desalin Water Treat 57:1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1083893

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  54. Nakkeeran E, Saranya N, Giri Nandagopal MS, Santhiagu A, Selvaraju N (2016) Hexavalent chromium removal from aqueous solutions by a novel powder prepared from Colocasia esculenta leaves. Int J Phytoremediation 18:812–821. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2016.1146229

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  55. Ngah WSW, Hanafiah MAKM (2009) Surface modification of rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) leaves for the adsorption of copper ions: kinetic, thermodynamic and binding mechanisms. J Chem Tech Biotechnol 84:192–201. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.2024

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  56. Ogata F, Kangawa M, Tominaga H, Tanaka Y, Ueda A, Iwata Y, Kawasaki N (2013) Study of adsorption mechanism of heavy metals onto waste biomass (wheat bran). J Oleo Sci 62:949–953. https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.62.949

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  57. Okenicová L, Žemberyová M, Procházková S (2016) Biosorbents for solid-phase extraction of toxic elements in waters. Environ Chem Lett 14:67–77. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-015-0539-x

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  58. Palanisamy T, Santhi T (2014) Studies on the removal of Cu (II) from aqueous solutions using modified Acacia nilotica Leaf. BioResources 9:3805–3824

    Article  Google Scholar 

  59. Pandey R, Prasad RL, Ansari NG, Murthy RC (2015) Utilization of NaOH modified Desmostachya bipinnata (Kush grass) leaves and Bambusa arundinacea (bamboo) leaves for Cd(II) removal from aqueous solution. J Environ Chem Eng 3:593–602. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2014.06.015

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  60. Przepiórski J (2006) Chapter 9 Activated carbon filters and their industrial applications. In: Technology TJBBT-IS and (ed) Activated carbon surfaces in environmental remediation. Elsevier, pp 421–474. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1573-4285(06)80018-9

  61. Qaiser S, Saleemi AR, Umar M (2009) Biosorption of lead from aqueous solution by Ficus religiosa leaves: batch and column study. J Hazard Mater 166:998–1005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.003

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  62. Qiu H, Lv L, Pan B, Zhang Q, Zhang W, Zhang Q (2009) Critical review in adsorption kinetic models. J Zhejiang Univ-Sc A10:716–772. https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A0820524

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  63. Rafatullah M, Sulaiman O, Hashim R, Amini MHM (2011) Adsorption of copper (II) ions onto surfactant-modified Oil Palm Leaf Powder. J Dispers Sci Technol 32:1641–1648. https://doi.org/10.1080/01932691.2010.528340

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  64. Rangabhashiyam S, Nakkeeran E, Anu N, Selvaraju N (2015) Biosorption potential of a novel powder, prepared from Ficus auriculata leaves, for sequestration of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. Res Chem Intermediat 41:8405–8424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-014-1900-6

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  65. Rao KS, Anand S, Venkateswarlu P (2011) Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by Ficus religiosa leaf powder and characterization of loaded biosorbent. Clean-Soil Air Water 39:384–391. https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201000098

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  66. Reddy DHK, Harinath Y, Seshaiah K, Reddy AVR (2010) Biosorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions using chemically modified Moringa oleifera tree leaves. Chem Eng J 162:626–634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.06.010

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  67. Reddy DHK, Seshaiah K, Reddy AVR, Lee SM (2012) Optimization of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) biosorption by chemically modified Moringa oleifera leaves powder. Carbohydr Polym 88:1077–1086. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.01.073

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  68. Robalds A, Naja GM, Klavins M (2016) Highlighting inconsistencies regarding metal biosorption. J Hazard Mater 304:553–556. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.10.042

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  69. Rosales E, Ferreira L, Sanromán MÁ, Tavares T, Pazos M (2015) Enhanced selective metal adsorption on optimised agroforestry waste mixtures. Bioresour Technol 182:41–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.01.094

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  70. Saroyan HS, Giannakoudakis DA, Sarafidis CS, Lazaridis NK, Deliyanni EA (2017) Effective impregnation for the preparation of magnetic mesoporous carbon: application on dye adsorption. J Chem Technol Biot 92:1899–1911. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.5210

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  71. Shi J, Fang Z, Zhao Z, Sun T, Liang Z (2016) Comparative study on Pb(II), Cu(II), and Co(II) ions adsorption from aqueous solutions by arborvitae leaves. Desalin Water Treat 57:4732–4739. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1089421

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  72. Soliman AM, Elwy HM, Thiemann T, Majedi Y, Labata FT, Al-Rawashdeh NA (2016) Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by sulphuric acid-treated palm tree leaves. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 58:264–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2015.05.035

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  73. Spagnoli AA, Giannakoudakis DA, Bashkova S (2017) Adsorption of methylene blue on cashew nut shell based carbons activated with zinc chloride: the role of surface and structural parameters. J Mol Liq 229:465–471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2016.12.106

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  74. Suc NV, Son LN (2014) Mistletoe leaves as a biosorbent for removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from aqueous solution. Desalin Water Treat 57:3606–3618. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.986532

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  75. Tran HN, You S-J, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A, Chao H-P (2017) Mistakes and inconsistencies regarding adsorption of contaminants from aqueous solutions: a critical review. Water Res 120:88–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2017.04.014

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  76. Vilvanathan S, Shanthakumar S (2016) Removal of Ni(II) and Co(II) ions from aqueous solution using teak (Tectona grandis) leaves powder: adsorption kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics study. Desalin Water Treat 57:3995–4007. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2014.989913

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  77. Wen Z, Zhang Y, Guo S, Chen R (2017) Facile template-free fabrication of iron manganese bimetal oxides nanospheres with excellent capability for heavy metals removal. J Colloid Interface Sci 486:211–218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2016.09.026

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  78. Yazıcı H, Kılıç M, Solak M (2008) Biosorption of copper(II) by Marrubium globosum subsp. globosum leaves powder: effect of chemical pretreatment. J Hazard Mater 151:669–675. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.06.042

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  79. Yuvaraja G, Krishnaiah N, Subbaiah MV, Krishnaiah A (2014) Biosorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by Solanum melongena leaf powder as a low-cost biosorbent prepared from agricultural waste. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 114:75–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.09.039

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  80. Zolgharnein J, Shariatmanesh T, Asanjarani N, Zolanvari A (2015) Doehlert design as optimization approach for the removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solution by Catalpa Speciosa tree leaves: adsorption characterization. Desalin Water Treat 53:430–445. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.853625

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Ioannis Anastopoulos or Hai Nguyen Tran.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Anastopoulos, I., Robalds, A., Tran, H.N. et al. Removal of heavy metals by leaves-derived biosorbents. Environ Chem Lett 17, 755–766 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10311-018-00829-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Leaves
  • Biosorption
  • Isotherms
  • Thermodynamics
  • Modification
  • Enthalpy–entropy compensation