Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 671–676 | Cite as

Synthesis of quinoxalines using Gum Arabic as a nontoxic metal-free biocatalyst at room temperature in aqueous media

  • Seyede Azita Fazeli-Attar
  • Bi Bi Fatemeh Mirjalili
Original Paper


In the present study, Gum Arabic was used as a metal-free biocatalyst in the synthesis of quinoxaline derivatives through condensation of 1,2-diamines and 1,2-dicarbonyl compounds at room temperature under aqueous media. The advantages of the present protocol included the appropriate reaction times, high yields, and environmental friendliness. The structure of products was approved by FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy.


Gum Arabic 1,2-Diamines 1,2-Diketones Quinoxalines Biocatalyst 



The work was supported by grant from the Research Council of Yazd University, Yazd, Iran. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceYazd UniversityYazdIslamic Republic of Iran

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