Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 91–94 | Cite as

Surface characteristics of shales and implication on metal sorption

  • Susanta Paikaray
  • Santanu Banerjee
  • Suparna Mukherji
Original Paper


Differences in surface characteristics between alkaline and acidic shales are demonstrated in the present study. The alkaline shales are characterized by convex surface titration profiles, while the acidic shale exhibits a concave titration profile. Analysis of surface functional groups reveal that carboxylic acids predominate in alkaline shales and the acidic shale is characterized by C=S, C=N (pyridine derivative) and urea (C=O) functional groups, while it lacks –COOH group. The close proximity between pH and point of zero charge for the most acidic and alkaline shales indicate that surface complexation may not play a dominant role in sorption when the system pH is controlled by these sediments.


Point of zero charge Heavy metals Geosorbents Surface functional groups Vindhyan 



The authors acknowledge Manoj Surwade (Technical Assistant, CESE) for assistance with FTIR analysis. Assistance of Trupti Gurav, Shilpa Natrawali and Pradeep Sawant, Technical Assistants, Department of Earth Sciences, IIT Bombay, in sample preparation and characterization of the sorbents is also acknowledged. This research was partly funded by a research grant from the Department of Science and Technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanta Paikaray
    • 1
  • Santanu Banerjee
    • 1
  • Suparna Mukherji
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesIIT BombayPowai, MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Science and EngineeringIIT BombayPowai, MumbaiIndia

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