Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 12–21 | Cite as

Contrasting the financial efficiency of agroforestry practices in buffer zone management of Madhupur National Park, Bangladesh

  • H. M. Tuihedur Rahman
  • Jiban Chandra Deb
  • Gordon M. Hickey
  • Imrul Kayes
Original Article


This research contrasts the financial profitability of different agroforestry practices in community-based buffer zone management of Madhupur National Park (MNP), Bangladesh. This park is the second largest in Bangladesh and subjected to enormous anthropogenic pressure and land rights-related conflicts. This paper reports the different agroforestry practices of villagers in different modules of the buffer zone of MNP, identified by a participatory research approach. It then assesses the profitability of each module on the basis of cost–benefit analysis, net present value, internal rate of return, and annualized income. Results indicate three agroforestry systems were being practised in the buffer zone by the participants: agro-silviculture, agro-silvo-horticulture, and combined woodlot and agroforestry. Among these modules, agro-silvo-horticulture was the most profitable, followed by agro-silviculture then combined woodlot and agroforestry. We recognize that not all of the participants can practise intensive agroforestry; our results suggest that the community-based buffer zone management strategy for MNP would benefit from prioritizing agroforestry practices where possible. This will lead to more successful buffer zone management for the conservation of natural forests while supporting the development of local resource-dependent communities.


Buffer zone management Community livelihoods Financial analysis Land-use strategy Protected area 


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Forest Society and Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. M. Tuihedur Rahman
    • 1
  • Jiban Chandra Deb
    • 1
  • Gordon M. Hickey
    • 2
  • Imrul Kayes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forestry and Environmental ScienceShahjalal University of Science and TechnologySylhetBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesMcGill UniversitySte-Anne-de-BellevueCanada

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