Propriétés antifongiques des huiles essentielles des feuilles de Citrus vis-à-vis d’Alternaria alternata et Penicillium sp in vitro

Antifungal properties of leaf essential oils of Citrus against Alternaria alternata and Penicillium sp in vitro

Abstract

Résumé

Les huiles essentielles ont été extraites par hydrodistillation à partir des feuilles de citrus. Les rendements les plus importants ont été enregistrés avec Citrus limon L (1.02%) et Citrus sinensis (0.96%). Les résultats de l’activité antifongique des huiles essentielles des feuilles de citrus montrent un pouvoir inhibiteur des huiles essentielles de Citrus aurantium, Citrus limon et Citrus reticulata sur la croissance mycélienne radiale d’Alternaria alternata et Penicillium sp. Ils montrent également que l’activité antifongique augmente avec la concentration des huiles essentielles testées. Celles-ci peuvent être utilisées comme agents antifongiques potentiels pour lutter contre les maladies fongiques des plantes.

Abstract

The essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation from the leaves of citrus by using hydrodistillation. The largest yields were recorded with Citrus limon L (1.02%) and Citrus sinensis (0.96%). The results of the antifungal activity of essential oils of citrus showed the great inhibitory power of Citrus aurantium, Citrus limon and Citrus reticulata, on the radial mycelial growth of Alternaria alternata and Penicillium sp. Data also showed that the antifungal activity was increased as the concentration increased of tested essential oils. According to the results, the essential oils of citrus could be used as potential antifungal agents for the control of fungal diseases in plants.

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Correspondence to F. Z. Hamdani.

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Hamdani, F.Z., Allem, R. Propriétés antifongiques des huiles essentielles des feuilles de Citrus vis-à-vis d’Alternaria alternata et Penicillium sp in vitro. Phytothérapie 15, 263–266 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10298-015-0978-3

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Mots clés

  • Citrus
  • Huiles essentielles
  • Alternaria alternata
  • Penicillium sp
  • Activité antifongique

Keywords

  • Citrus
  • Essential oils
  • Alternaria alternata
  • Penicillium sp
  • Antifungal activity