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Phytothérapie

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 166–170 | Cite as

Valorisation des huiles essentielles de Juniperus thurifera et de Juniperus oxycedrus du Maroc

  • N. Mansouri
  • B. Satrani
  • M. Ghanmi
  • L. El ghadraoui
  • A. Aafi
  • A. Farah
Article original Pharmacognosie

Résumé

Les huiles essentielles des rameaux de Juniperus thurifera et de Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) collectées au Moyen Atlas oriental du Maroc ont été extraites par hydrodistillation et analysées par CG et CG/SM. Les constituants majoritaires obtenus sont des pinènes: β-pinène (36,26 %) pour les huiles essentielles de Juniperus thurifera et α-pinène (52,13 %) pour celles de Juniperus oxycedrus. L’activité antibactérienne et antifongique de ces huiles essentielles a été étudiée vis-à-vis de sept micro-organismes et comparée à celles trouvées dans la littérature.

Mots clés

Juniperus thurifera Juniperus oxycedru Huiles essentielles Pinènes Activité antimicrobienne 

Valorization of the essential oils of Moroccan Juniperus thurifera and Juniperus oxycedrus

Abstract

The volatile oils from branches of Juniperus thurifera and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) collected at Eastern Middle Atlas Mountains of Morocco were obtained by hydro-distillation and analysed by GC and GC/MMS. The major constituents obtained were pinene: β-pinene (36.26%) for the essential oils of Juniperus thurifera and α-pinene (52.13%) to that of Juniperus oxycedrus. The antibacterial and antifungal activity of the two essential oils has been studied against seven microorganisms and compared to those found in the literature.

Keywords

Juniperus thurifera Juniperus oxycedrus Cupressaceae Essential oils Pinene Antimicrobial activity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Mansouri
    • 1
    • 2
  • B. Satrani
    • 2
  • M. Ghanmi
    • 2
  • L. El ghadraoui
    • 1
  • A. Aafi
    • 2
  • A. Farah
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire de biotechnologie microbienne, faculté des sciences et techniquesuniversité Sid-Mohamed-Ben-AbdellahFèsMaroc
  2. 2.Centre national de recherche forestièrelaboratoires de microbiologie et de chimieRabat AgdalMaroc
  3. 3.Institut national des plantes médicinales et aromatiqueslaboratoire de chimieFès-EzohourFès, Maroc

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