GPS Solutions

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 587–594 | Cite as

Moderately compact helix antennas with cutoff patterns for millimeter RTK positioning

  • Dmitry V. TatarnikovEmail author
  • Anton P. Stepanenko
  • Andrey V. Astakhov
Original Article


Helical antennas have been developed that feature a cutoff pattern and are suitable for practical positioning at millimeter level. The antennas are in the form of a tube with 3 cm in diameter and 40 cm in height. The antennas provide 20-dB suppression of the reflections from the earth surface, starting from low elevations. Open sky tests have demonstrated that the multipath contribution to the real-time positioning error falls below thermal noise. By smoothing the noise, these antennas achieve a positioning accuracy of 1 mm RMS in the vertical coordinate and 0.7 mm in the horizontal in almost real time.


Satellite positioning Real-time kinematic Multipath error Cutoff pattern Helix antenna 



The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Lev Rapoport for developing a special version of the RTK engine.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitry V. Tatarnikov
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anton P. Stepanenko
    • 1
  • Andrey V. Astakhov
    • 1
  1. 1.Topcon Positioning SystemsMoscowRussia

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